NYPL RESEARCH LIBRARIES
3 3433 06813785 4
BY A MEMBER OF THE N. E. HIST. GEN. SOCIETY.
The name of Farrar is said to have been derived from the
Latin and French word signifying Iron, and was, doubtless,
first used to designate a locality, where that metal was found.
As a family name, it was first known in England from Gualke-
line or Walkeline de Ferrariis, a Norman of distinction,
attached to William, Duke of Normandy, before the invasion
of 1066. From him all of the name in England and America
have descended. Henry de Ferrars, his son, is on the Roll
of Battle Abbey, (a list of the principal commanders and
companions in arms of William the Conqueror.) and was the
first of the family who settled in England, which he did
immediately after the Conquest. When the general survey of
the realm, recorded in Domesday Book, was made by order
of King William I. in the 14th year of his reign, this Henry
de Ferrars was one of the Commissioners appointed for that
great service. " That he was a person of much eminency r
both for knowledge and integrity, there is no doubt ; other-
wise it is not likely he would have been entrusted in so high
and weighty an employment." He bore for his arms, Arge?it T
six horse shoes pierced, sable. 11 — See 1, Sir Win. DugdaWs
Baronage — 6, Collins'' Peerage.
a Agreeable to the spirit of the times, the motto adopted in one branch of the
family was, " In Ferrum pro libertate ruebanU"
2 FAMILY HISTORY.
The family afterwards became very numerous in England,
and different branches of it were settled in many different
counties. — Ske Peclcard's Life of Ferrar.
Great diversities are observed in spelling the name, both in
this country and in England, by different branches of the
family, and often by different individuals of the same branch,
and not unfrequently at different times, by the same individ-
ual. The vowels are either or both of them sometimes
changed to e, and the last to o. The final r is sometimes
changed to h or iv, followed by s, or even omitted. But in all
these and other varieties of spelling, the Horse-Shoe, as the
predominating emblem in the coat of arms, evinces the identity
of the race. In this country, at the present time, the name is
is most commonly spelt as at the head of this article. The
several emigrants to this country during the early part of the
17th century, do not appear to have recognized any relation-
ship, and it is not known that any two of them came from
the same county in England.
The first of the family, whose name is connected with this
country, was Nicholas Ferrar, the East and West India mer-
chant of London. He descended from the Yorkshire line of
the family, and was a near relative of that pious and resolute
martyr, Dr. Robert Farrar, Bishop of St. David's, who sealed
the truth of the Protestant Religion with his blood, in the
reign of Queen Mary, JMarch 30, 1555. — See Fox's Acts and
Monuments and Peckard's Life of Ferrar.
Nicholas was born in 1540, and, at the time of his death,
April 1620, and for several years before, was a distinguished
member of the Virginia Company, which held its Courts at
his house. He married Mary Wodenoth, who survived him,
and died at Little Gedding in Huntingtonshire, 1635. Their
children were : Susannah, who married Thomas Collett, Esq.
and had eighteen children; John, born 1590; Erasmus, born
1591 ; Nicholas, born Feb. 22, 1593 ; Richard, born 1596, and
William, who went to Virginia. John and Nicholas, were
successively Deputy Governors or Treasurers of the Virginia
FARRAR FAMILY. 2 l
Company, from 1618 till they lost their charter, under the
arbitrary proceedings of King James, and while Sir Edwin
Sandys and the Earl of Southampton were Governors. Nich-
olas was afterwards a member of Parliament in 1624, and soon
after, with his mother, his brother John, his sister Collett and
their families, went into religions retirement at Little Gedding;
of which establishment Dr. Peckard, who married a descend-
ant of the family, has given an interesting account in his Life
of the younger Nicholas. See also 1 British Topography
437; Hearne 1 s Caii Vindicim 702, 812; Christian Magazine,
1761; kWordsivortli s Ecclesiastical Biography ; 1 Bancroft's
William was the only one of the sons who actually came to
this country. He was a barrister, educated at one of the Inns
of Court, and probably settled in Virginia before his father's
death, for we learn from Smith's History of Virginia, vol. 2,
p. 75, that at the great massacre of March 22, 1621, ten per-
sons were killed at his house. When Sir John Yardely was
appointed Governor of the Colony in 1625, and Sir John Har-
vey in 1627, William Farrar was named in the Commission
as one of their Council. — 1 HazzaroVs Collections, 230, 234.
Robert Farrar came to Virginia in 1635. — N. E. Hist. Gen.
Reg. vol. 3, p. 389. Many of the name and of high respect-
ability are now in Virginia and the other Southern States.
The first of the name found in New England was John Far-
row 1 of Hingham, Mass. He came from Hingham, in Norfolk
County, England, with bis wife Frances, and one child, in
1635. Most of the inhabitants of the town came from the
same place, bringing with them their minister, and all their
institutions. Mr. F. was the carpenter. Their children were :
1. Mary, born in England before 1635, married Samuel Stow-
ell, Oct. 25, 1649 ; 2. John, 2 born June 6, 1639, married 1st,
Mary Hilliard, Aug. 14, 1664; 2d, Frances , Nov. 16,
1691 ; 3. Remember, baptized Aug. 1642, married Henry
Ward, Feb. 1660 ; 4. Hannah, baptized April 9, 1648, mar-
ried Garnet ; 5. Nathan, 2 born Sept. 17, 1654, married
Johanna . [See Lincoln 's Hist, of Hingham.
2 2 FAMILY HISTORY.
John, 1 died July 7, 1687, " very old." His will is dated
March 28th, and proved August 17th, the same year. It was
signed in his bed with " his mark" and mentions his wife
and all his children except Hannah ; also his grand-daughter
Mary, wife of his grand-son, John Garnet, and his grand-
children, Frances and Nathan Ward. His wife survived him,
and died January 28, 168S.
John Farrow 2 lived in Hingham ; married 1st, Mary Hil-
liard, Aug. 14, 1664, who died Sept. 13, 1689, married 2d,
Frances , Nov. 16, 1691. He died Jan. 27, 1715-16.
Children : 1. Mary, born Oct. 25, 1665, married Bever-
ly; 2. Hannah, born Dec. 8, 1667, married Joseph Joselin,
of Abington, March 17, 1687; 3. Abigail, born Jan. 27.
1670, married Tower ; 4. John, 3 born Dec. 8, 1672, mar-
ried Persis Holbrook, daughter of Capt. William H. of Scitu-
ate, 1696 ; 5. Easter, born June 28, 1675, m. Beal ; 6.
William, b. Nov. 17, 1677, married Patience, dau. of Ibrook
Tower, Jan. 31, 1700-1, had dau. Patience Jan. 7, 1701-2 ;
he died Dec. 23, 1702 : 7. Priscilla, born 1679, unmarried in
1707; 8. Remember, born Feb. 3, 1682, married Terry ;
9. Sarah, born Aug. 29, 1685, married James Studley of Scit-
The will of John, 2 dated Feb. 10, 1707-8, was proved
April 9, 1716. It mentions his wife Frances, and all his chil-
dren except Hannah and William, and gives legacies to his
grand-daughter, Mary Joselin, who was born May 24, 1695,
and to his grand-daughter, Patience Farrow..
Nathan Farro, 2 married 1st, Mary Garnet, Dec. 5, 1683,
who died Feb. 27, 1709-10 ; 2. Johanna, widow of Thomas
Whiten, March 23, 1710-11. Children : 1. Francis, bom
Dec. 16, 1684, died Jan. 29, 1688-9 ; 2. Christian, born Oct.
13, 1686 ; 3. Jonathan, 3 born June 20, 1689, married Johan-
na ; 4. Benjamin, 3 born 1692, married Leah Whiton,
Dec. 14, 1715, lived in Hingham and Scituate, 1720 ; 5. Na-
than, 3 born April 29, 1695. The wife and children are all
named in the will, which is dated Oct. 7, 1715, and proved
Oct. 14, 1718. The Inventory amounted to £129 lis. It
appears by the town records that he died Oct. 18, 1715.
FARRAR FAMILY. 2 s
John Farrow, 3 married Persis, daughter of Capt. William
Holbrook of Scituate, 1696, and lived in Hingham. Chil-
dren : 1, Mary, b. Dec. 3, 1696 ; 2. Priscilla, b. Feb. 16,
1699-1700; 3. Mary, b, June 30, 1702; 4. Bethiah, b. Nov.
29, 1704 ; 5. Deborah, b. Jan. 10, 170T7-S ; 6. John, b. Oct. 17,
1709, d. Feb. 8, 1719-20 ; 7. Hannah, b. March 15, 1711-12;
8. Seth, b. Feb. 26, 1713-14.
Jonathan Farrow 3 married Johanna , and lived in Hing-
ham. Children : 1. Jonathan, born Aug. 26, 1717, married
Judith White, Dec. 22, 1737 ; 2. David, born May 19, 1722 ;
3. John, b. March 22, 1724; 4. Rachel, born March 2, 1726.
A daughter of Jonathan and Joanna died Nov. 14, 1729.
Benjamin Farrow, 3 married Leah Whiton, Dec. 14, 1715,
and was in Scituate in 1720. Children : 1. Benjamin, born
Sept. 23, 1716 ; 2. Mary, born April 10, 1718 ; 3. Thomas 4 ,
born 1721 : married , lived in Scituate ; 4. Sarah, born
11 1 j
1722 ; 5. Tamar, born 1724, married Carryl ; 6. Chris-
tina, born 1726, married David Foster; 7. Leah, born 1728,
married Samuel Hatch, a Baptist preacher.
Thomas Farrow, 4 the second son of Benjamin, 3 b. 1721,
married , and lived in Scituate. Beside other children,
whose names are not known, he had, 1* Thomas, 5 born April
13, 1752, married Rebecca Stoddard. 2. Abiel, 5 born about
Thomas Farrar 5 married Rebecca Stoddard, and lived in
Scituate, removed to Townsend, and died Feb. 18, 1S37, at
Townsend. Children: 1. Thomas, born Sept. 6, 1775, mar-
ried Keziah Curtis of Hanover, Mass. ; 2. Rebecca, born Nov.
16, 1777, married Daniel Tower of Lunenburg Aug. 16, 1S02 ;
3. son, born Jan. 18, 1779, married Mary Orkington, of Dub-
lin, N. H. ; 4. Sarah, born March 4, 17S0, married Richard
W. Pierce of Townsend, Nov. 4, 1S04, has nine children and
twenty grand-children, being Generation 8th ; 5. Nathan, 6 born
Feb. 20, 1783, married Betsey Bartlett, of Townsend, in 1S10,
94 FAMILY HISTORY.
and have many children and grand-children, 8th Generation;
6. Nabby, born May 27, 17S6, died March 29, 1804; 7,
Tamson, horn Feb. 5, 1789, married JonatHan Divoll, of
Abiel Farrar, 8 the youngest son of Thomas, 4 b. 1765, mar-
ried, 1st. Custiing,J2d. Nabhy Jacobs; lived on the pater-
nal farm in Scituate. where he d. in 1849, so. about 84 years.
Children: 1. Abigail; 2. Nathaniel, 6 b. 1788, m. Elizabeth
Alden Felton ; 3. Thomas, 6 , b. , d. by lightning, in Bos-
ton harbor, 1S44 ; 4. Rnfus 6 , b. , m. Deborah Gushing ;
5. Abiel, 6 b. 1791, m. Lucy Sears, Dec. 5, 1813, d. 1848; 6.
William, b. , m. and lived in New York ; 7. Nabby, b.
by 2d marriage: 8. James, 6 b. , m. Lucy Brooks 1828 ;
9. Richmond, 6 b. . m. Abby Dunbar.
Nathan Farrar, 6 the third son of Thomas, 5 b. Feb. 20,
1783, mar. Betsy Bartlett, in IS 10, lives in Townsend. Ch.
1. Betsy, b. July 24, 1810, m. Henry W. Spaulding: 2. Na-
than, b. Nov. 2, 181 1, m. Mary Ann Daniels, 1845; 3. Thomas,
b. Sept. 5, 1S13, m. Roxana Lewis ; 4. Ezekiel B. b. Feb. 26,
1815, d. Aug. 4, 1816; 5. Mitty B. b. Dec. 26, 1816 ; 6. Nancy,
b. April 25, 1820, m. Jackson Cook : 7. Orphan C. b. Dec. 26,
1821, m. Randal B. Smith, and d. ; 8. Walter, b. May
5, 1824, d. Nov. 1S26 ; 9. Levi, 7 b. Sept. 9, 1826, m. Eliza Ann
Buttrick ; 10. Electa Ann, b. Oct. 25, 1831.
Nathaniel Farrar, 6 b. 1788, eldest son of Abiel, 5 m. Eliza-
beth Alden Fulton of Petersham, Nov. 12, 1S12, was a car-
penter and lived at Scituateand Shutesbury, d. Nov. 27, 1S41.
Ch. : 1. George Howe, 7 b. Oct. 27, 1S13, m. Eveline Ewell;
2. Mary Oliver, b. Oct. 30, 1815, m. Luther E. Davis of
Shutesbury, April 24, 1S36, and lived in Merriden, N. Y., d.
June 1S52; 3. Elizabeth Alden, b. Feb. 11, IS] 8, m. Jonas
H. Winter, Sept. 25, 1836, lives in Amherst, Ms. ; 4. Aurelia
Newell, b. April 10, 1820, m. 1st, Edward Moody of Granby,
2d, Seneca Haskins of Shutesbury ; 5. Nathaniel Francis, b.
May 24, 1822, d. Aug. 27, 1S27 ; 6. Hannah Ann, b. Dec. 21,
1824, m. Alden Moody, and lives at Merriden, N.Y. ; 7. Beth-
FARRAR FAMILY. 2*
iah dishing, b. March 26, 1827, m. Dillan Bebee of Lysan-
der, N. Y. ; 8. Nelson Nathaniel, b. Nov. 4, 1829, a mason,
lives in Boston ; 9. Abby Jane, b. Dec. 23, 1S31 ; 10. Diantha
Merrill, b. March 2, 1834, d. 1847; 11. Emily Ester, b. Aug.
Thomas Farrar, 6 the 2d son of Abiel. 5 b. , m. and was
killed by lightning in Boston harbor 1S44, leaving two child-
ren : 1. Priscilla ; 2. Nathan.
Rufus Farrow, 6 the 3d son of Abiel, 5 b. , m. Deborah
Cushing, and lives in Scituate ; has children: 1. Sophia; 2.
Mandana ; 3. Deborah ; 4. Abby ; 5. Louisa.
Abiel Farrar, 6 4th son of Abiel, 5 b. 1791, m. Lucy Sears,
Dec. 5, 1S13, lived on the paternal estate, and d. 1848, se. — .
Ch. ; 1. Isaac ; 2. Charles ; 3. William ; 4. Benjamin Frank-
lin, m. and lives in Hingham.
James Farrar, 6 6th son of Abiel, 6 b. 1804, m. Lucy Brooks,
1828, lived in Scituate. Ch. : 1. Rufus Brooks, b. Aug. 14,
1829, lives in Boston, mason ; 2. Gustavus Henry, b. 1S31 ;
3. Lucy Jane, b. 1S33 ; 4. Sarah Allen ; 5. Mary Louisa ;
6. William Harrison, b. 1840; 7. Albert Thomas ; 8. Alfred
Leslie, b. 1846.
Ricjdioxd Farrar, 6 the 7th son of Abiel, 5 b. , m. Abby
Dunbar. Ch. : 1. Henry Richmond ; 2. Abby.
Levi Farrar, 7 youngest son of Nathan, 6 b. Sept. 9, 1S26,
m. Eliza Ann Buttrick, ofGroton. Ch. 1. Roswell L. b. Mar.
18, 1844; 2. Frances Ann, b. Dec. 1, 1847; 3. Orville, b.
Sept. 6, 1849.
Thomas Farrar 1 came to Lynn in 1640, was a farmer, and
lived in Nahant street. He was born in 1617. His wife Eli-
zabeth died Jan. 8, 1680-1, and he Feb. 23, 1694, as. 77. He
was sworn as a freeman 1689. Their children were Hannah;
Elizabeth, who died Oct. 25, 1677 ; Sarah, who married Me-
latiah Lawthrop May 20, 1667; Susannah, born March'26,
1659 ; Peleg and Mehitable, born Oct. 6, 1660, and both died
2 6 FAMILY HISTORY.
same month : and one son, Thomas, b. probably about 1657,
who survived his parents.
In L692 the town " voted that Thomas Farrar, Sen. (and
seven others) should set in the pulpit," probably on account
of their age and consequent difficulty of hearing. The same
year he, and six others from that town, were accused and im-
prisoned on account of witchcraft. He was brought before
Court at Salem, May iSth, and sent to prison at Boston, where
the he was detained till Dec. 27th, more than seven months.
His son was one of the selectmen the same year.
"The following is the testimony against him:' (Lewis'
Hist, of Lynn, p. 1S3.) " The Deposition of Ann Putnam,
who testifleth and saith, that on the 8th day of May, J 692,
there appeared to me the apparition of an old gray -head man,
with a great nose, which tormented me, and urged me to write
in his book ; and I asked him what was his name, and from
whence he came, for I would complain of him ; and people
used to call him old father Pharaoh ; and he said he was my
grandfather, for my father used to call him father. I told him
I would not call him grandfather, for he was a wizzard, and
I would complain of him. And ever since he hath afflicted
me by times, and beating me, and pinching me, and almost
choaking me, and urging me continually to write in his book."
This Ann Putnam was a standing witness in witchcraft
cases ; and the above is a fair specimen of the testimony, on
which persons were accused and convicted, and not a few
Thomas Farrar, 2 son of the above, lived in Lynn, married
Abigail Collins, March 3, 16S1-2, though his wife, at the time
of his death, was Elizabeth. He was sworn as a freeman
April IS, 1691, and with six others was chosen Selectman " to
order the prudential affairs of the town" in 1692. "These
[says Leu-is, p. 182,] were the first selectmen of Lynn whose
names are recorded on the town book." His will was dated
June 5, 1730, and proved Jan. 11, 1733. In it are mentioned
his wife Elizabeth, Rebecca Bassett and her husband William
Bassett, Jr., kinsmen Richard Hood and Samuel Newhall,
and kinswoman Hannah, wife of Edmund Needham.
It appears from the Middlesex Probate Records, that Joseph
Farrar of Lynn, (afterwards in the same record called late of
FARRAR FAMILY. 2 7
Reading,) died in his Majesty's service at Cape Breton in
1745, having £78.16 wages due him, and that his brother
John Farrar of Framingham, was appointed administrator on
his estate Aug. 4, 1746.
Major John Farrar, of Framingham, married Martha,
daughter of Rev. John Swift, of that place, Oct. 13, 1740.
Their children were : 1. Mary, born Jan. 8, 1742, married
General Reed ; 2. Martha, born Dec. 15, 1744, died April 3,
1745 : 3. John, born May 5, 1747, died same da^; 4. Martha,
born June 7, 1749. His wife died 1749, and he married, 2d,
Deborah Winch, Oct. 4, 1750, who was born Jan. 27, 1729.
Children : — 5. John, born Aug. 11, 1751, married Ruth Da-
vis, died at South Hadley, March 20, 1809 ; 6. Deborah, born
Dec. 26, 1753, married Caleb Lei and, who was born 1747,
lived at Leominster, and died 1S24 ; 7. Nelly, born Nov. 4,
1755, married Capt. John Brown of Fitchburg; 8. Joseph,
born April 3, 175S, married, 1st, Hannah Kimball, of Fitch-
burg, who died March 6, 17S6, married 2d, Martha Nutting,
of Pepperell, who died Aug. 11, 179S. Children : Hannah,
Martha, John, who died Feb. 6, 1849, leaving issue, and Sal-
ly; 3d, married Elizabeth Fletcher, who had children, Kim-
ball ana Farewell. He was killed by a fall in his grist-mill at
Pepperell, Dec. 31, 1S02 ; 9. William, born June 22, 1760,
married Irena Boynton, died at Fitzwilliam, May 4, 1837,
without issue ; 10. Daniel, born Feb. 19, 1763, died Sept. 5,
1832, unmarried, at Fitzwilliam ; 11. Anne, born Oct. 27,
1765, married Shurtleff; 12. Samuel, born Jan. 22,
1769, married Mary Nutting, of Pepprrell, 1790, and died in
New Jersey, 1831 ; 13. Hitty, baptized Oct. 14, 1771, married
The children of Samuel Farrar, 12th child of Major John
of Framingham, were : 1. Mary, born Oct. 4, 1791, married
Henry Spaulding of Pepperell ; 2. Indiana, born January 2,
1793, married Asa Blood ; 3. Sally, born Oct. 1, 1794, married
John Buttrick; 4. Samuel, born June 4, 1796, married Re-
becca Parker, May 20, 1S19, and lives in Pepperell, with a
large family, among whom are : Edmund P. of New York,
and Charles— Samuel, graduated at Dartmouth 1S50 ; 5.
Eleanor, born Aug. 3, 1798, married Elijah Shattuck ; 6. Earl,
2« FAMILY HISTORY.
born June 11, 1S00, died in infancy ; 7. Charles, born April 22,
1804, married Mary I. Spaulding, and lives in New York;
8. Caroline, born June 24, 1806, married Thaddeus Wheeler.
Major John Farrar of Framingham, in the latter part of his
life, and after the birth of all his children, removed with his
family to Fitzwilliam, N. H., where he d. He was ten years
a Selectman of Framingham, and eight years town Treasurer.
He was a Deputy Sheriff in 1769, and one of the Committee of
Correspondence in 1774. His three sons, John, Joseph, and
William, were members of Capt. Nixon's Company of Minute
Men, in 1775. — [See Barry's Hist, of Framing ham. \ There
is a tradition in the family that he carne from Lynn, but the
links that connect him with Thomas, the original settler there,
or with any other of the early immigrants, have not been trac-
ed. His descendants in the neighborhood of Fitzwilliam, N.H.,
Pepperell, Mass. and elsewhere, are very numerous.
George Farrow 1 is mentioned as of Ipswich in 1637, 1643,
and 1656 ; married Ann Whitmore, Feb. 16, 1643-4. Ch. :
Mary, born Jan. 6, 1644-5 ; Martha, born Feb. 25, 1646-7 ;
George, 2 born May 9, 1650. On the Treasurer's books, while
Richard Russell was Treasurer, he is credited with bounty
money for killing wolves in 1647-8 and 1650, £4 10. — See Ms.
in N. Eng. Hist. Gen. Society 1 s Library. Hubbard, in Hist.
Indian Wars, p. 51, says George Farrow was killed by In-
dians at Wells, Me., Sept. 27, 1676.
It appears by the records of the town of Woburn, that at a
town meeting for the choice of town officers for 1656, (held,
doubtless, on the last third day of the 12th month of the pre-
ceding year, Old Style, or last Tuesday in February 1655-6,
then the appointed time in Woburn for this purpose) " John
Farrar 1 was admitted an inhabitant," and accordingly had his
proportion assigned him in several subsequent general divi-
sions of the common land of the town. — Rev. Samuel SewaWs
FARRAR FAMILY. 2 9
As he was there at that time with his wife Johanna, he
doubtless came first to the place during the year 1655. His
will (Midd. Probate Records) is dated Jan. 29, 1687, and
proved Oct. 7, 1690, he having died July 11, 1690. His wife
survived him, and was living March 7, 1700-1. Their child-
ren were : 1. Mary, born 10th 2d mo., 1656 ; 2. Jacob, born
22d 8th mo., 1657, died of small pox, Jan. 1678-9 ; 3. Isaac,
born 16th 10th mo., 1659, died 30th 10th mo., 1659; 4. Jo-
hanna, born 9th 2d mo. 1661, married Robert Doyle, 30th
9th mo. 1680 ; 5. Mercy, born 1st 2d mo. 1663 ; 6. Hannah,
born22d 11th mo., 1667, [Jan. 22, 1667-8.] married John Wy-
man, 2d, 14th 10th mo. 1685 ; 7. Isaac 2 , born 1st 5th mo.,
1671, marriage not on the Woburn Becords.
Isaac Farrar,* son of the above, with his wife Mary, lived
in Woburn till about the year 1730, when they disappear
without record of their death or removal. Their children
were: 1. Mary, born Dec. 6, 1699; 2. Isaac, born April 2,
1702; 3. John, born Jan. 7, 1703-4 ; 4. Jacob, born June 11,
1705 ; 5. Anne, born Aug. 13, 1707 ; 6. Jonathan, 3 born April
28, 1709, probably Jeduthan, 3 who went to Exeter ; 7. Jo-
hanna, born March 17, 1711. The death of a daughter of
Isaac Farrar, not named, is recorded March 1713.
Jeduthan Farrar 3 , probably the same that is called Jona-
than in the usual reading of the Woburn records, the fourth
son and sixth child of Isaac 2 , and born April 28, 1709, went
early to that part of Exeter now Epping. He lived there till
late in life, when he moved to Gilmanton, where his eldest son
had gone before him, and there he died June 17S4, se. 75. His
children were : 1. Israel, 4 b. 173S ; 2. Jeduthan, 4 b. 1740.
Israel Farrar, 4 married and lived several years at Epping,
and after the birth of his children removed to Gilmanton, in
2 10 FAMILY HISTORY.
March 1772. He was one of the signers of the Test Act in
1776. and died March 13, 1S19, ae. 80. His wife died Dec.
27, 181(),;t3.61. Their children were : 1. Josiah,* born July
5, 1767, married ]\Iary Dow ; 2. Jonathan, 6 born 1769 ; 3.
John, born 1771.
Jeduthan Farrar 4 married at Epping, removed to Gilman-
ton 1790, and died Aug. 10, 1812. His wife died Feb. 27,
1S43 ; their son Jeduthan 5 married Sally Cate.
Josiah Farrar 5 married Mary Dow, Nov. 13, 1796, who
was born Nov. 1774. He died April 16, 1845, se. 78. Their
children were: 1. Sally; 2. Israel 6 ; 3. Perley 6 ; 4. Debonair;
5. Julia ; 6, Ira 6 ; 7. Hiram 6 .
Jonathan 5 married , lived at Meredith, moved early to
Bath, Me., and in 1803 to Skowhegan, afterwards to Bloom-
field, where he lived during the war of 1812. His sons are
Isaac, married a daughter of Judge Fuller of Augusta, and
Samuel, a graduate of Waterville, 1826, both live in Bangor
Jeduthan Farrar, 5 married Sally Cate, March 24, 1816, and
lived at Gilmanton. He was a Militia Officer, Magistrate,
Selectman, Representative, and Director of the Fire Insur-
ance Company. His son William H. 6 was born Jan. 17, 1817,
graduated at Dartmouth in 1844.
Lancaster was incorporated May 18, 1653. Among the
original proprietors were two brothers by the name of John
and Jacob Farrar. All who became inhabitants signed what
they called a "Covenant," for the better preserving "of the
purity of religion, and ourselves from the infection of error,
not to distribute allotments or receive into the plantation as
inhabitants, any excommunicant or otherwise profane and
scandalous (known so to be) or any one notoriously erring
against the doctrine and discipline of the churches, and the
state and government of this Commonwealth." This was
signed by John and Jacob Farrar, Sept. 24, 1653, and subse-
FARRAR FAMILY. 3
quently by those who were afterwards permitted to settle there.
— [See WillaroVs History of Lancaster.
There is a tradition in the family that these brothers came
from Lancashire in England. The only known facts render-
ing the truth of this tradition probable are, that others, with
whom they are found associated in Lancaster, originated in
that county, and that members of this family were early in
Lancashire, and still continue there. John, the eldest of the
brothers, died Nov. 3, 1669, leaving a widow, who was ap-
pointed Administratrix, Nov. 7, 1770, and children, whose
names or number are not mentioned on the Record.
Jacob Farrar, 1 the younger brother, was probably thirty
years old or more when he immigrated to this country, about
the middle of the 17th century. His wife Ann, whom he
married about the year 1640, with four children, born there,
and about half the property, were left in England till their
new residence was prepared in Lancaster, when they were
sent for, and arrived there in 1658. The town Records state
that " young Jacob Farrar was appointed to assist in mark-
ing the bounds of the town" in 1659. A valuation of estates
was made in 1654, for the purpose of regulating the proportion
of the inhabitants in subsequent divisions of the common
land. To this the following note succeeds : ' ; The estate of
several entered since 1655," and among these is "Jacob Far-
rar added when his wife came £168 7 0." During King Phi-
lip's war, in the year 1675, he had two sons killed. The town
was taken Feb. 10, 1675-6, and most of the property destroy-
ed by the Indians, and he with his wife, his remaining son
Joseph, and his daughter with her husband, John Houghton,
went to Woburn, where he died Aug. 14, 1677. The " Hum-
ble Petition of the distressed people of Lancaster" to the Gov-
ernment for assistance, in this emergency, dated March 11,
1675-6, is now on record in the Secretary's office. It is sign-
ed by Jacob ffarrar, John Houghton, sen., John Moor, John
Whitcomb, John Prescott, John Houghton, jun., Thomas
Sawyer, Thomas Wilder, and others, nineteen in all. Their
children were: 1. Jacob, 2 married Hannah Hay ward, 1668;
2. John, 2 married Mary , June 30, 1667 : 3. Henry, kill-
ed by Indians, Feb. 10, 1675-6; 4. Mary, married John
Houghton, jr., Feb. 22. 1671-2 — all born in England between
4 FAMILY HISTORY.
1640 and 1650; 5. Joseph, born at Lancaster, Aug. 6, 1660.
Lieut. John Wyman was appointed his guardian 1678.
The widow, Ann Farrar, and her son-in-law, John Hough-
ton, were appointed Administrators of her husband's estate,
which was divided between the widow, the " two children
now surviving," who must have been Mary and Joseph, and
the children of his son, Jacob. 2 The widow married John
Sears of Woburn, being his third wife, Nov. 2, 1680. John
Houghton filed his administration bond, March 27, 1682, and
John Sears was his surety. From tWe several public offices
and agencies in which he was employed in that town and in
the county, it may be inferred that he was a respectable and
useful man in his day. — [See Willartfs Hist. Lancaster, and
Whitney } s Hist. Worcester County.
Jacob Farrar 2 was born in England probably about 1642
or 3, came to Lancaster, where he resided, with his mother
and younger brothers and sister, about 1658, married Hannah,
daughter of Geo. Hayward, of Concord, 1668, and was killed
by Indians in King Philip's war, Aug. 22, 1675. Hannah
Farrar, his widow, took administration on his estate, Oct.
3, 1676, and at the same time returned an inventory, dated
27th 7th mo. 1675. Their children were: 1. Jacob, 3 b. April
29, 1669, m. Susanna Rediate; 2. George, 3 b. Aug. 16, 1670,
m. Mary Howe ; 3. John, 3 b. 1672, m. Elizabeth Merriam; 4.
Henry, born 1674, was living Oct. 6, 1697. He is credited
on the "Colony Book," (see Mss. in the Library oftheJHist.
Gen. Society,] under date of Sept. 23, 1676, for military ser-
vice under Capt. Hunting, £2 18 0, and charged £0 13 0,
leaving a balance uncancelled of £2 5 0. Soon after his
death, certainly as early as the abandonment of the town in
Feb. following, the widow with her children went to Concord,
where her relations lived, and where the children were
brought up and settled. March 5, 1681, she married Adam
Holaway, of Marlborough, and, subsequently, Jan. 2, 1705-6,
Jonathan Furbush. Oct. 6, 1697, after the four sons had all
come of age, they united in a deed of all the real estate in
FARRAR FAMILY. 5
Lancaster, inherited from their grandfather Jacob, 1 to their
uncle, John Houghton.
John Farrar, 2 the second son of Jacob, 1 married Mary ,
June 30, 1667. We have no record of the time of his death,
but neither he nor his children could have been living in
1677, as no notice is taken of them in the distribution of his
father's estate. Children : 1. Mary, born June 18, 1668 :
2. John, born Nov. 28, 1669, died Oct. 2, 1673.
Jacob Farrar, 3 eldest son of Jacob, 2 was little more than
six years old when his father was killed, and seven when his
grandfather died. He chose Edward Wigley, of Concord, for
his guardian, in 1684, married Susanna Rediate, Dec. 26,
1692, and settled in the northerly part of Concord, where sev-
eral generations of his descendants resided. He died intestate,
April 29, 1722. His wid. died March 1737-S, leaving a will
dated Feb. 16, 1737-8, which was proved March 20, 1737-8.
Children : 1. Jacob, 4 born Oct. 23, 1693, married Sarah
Wood ; 2. Mary, born March 8, 1696, married David Melvin,
Feb. 9, 1716 ; 3. Jonathan, 4 born Sept. 21, 1698, married Re-
becca ; 4. David, born, July 7, 1700, mentioned on
Lancaster Records, March, 21, 1736 ; 5. Susanna, born Nov.
11, 1701, married James Russell, Aug. 16, 1722 ; 6. Henry,
born Nov. 8, 1703 ; 7. Hannah, born Sept. 11, 1705, married
David Proctor, Dec. 31, 1730 ; 8. John, 4 born Sept. 14, 1707,..
married Mary ; 9. Nathan, born Feb. 20, 1709; 10>
Ephraim, born July 8, 1710, died Dec. 23, 1721 ; 11." Timo-
thy, 4 born March 15, 1714, married Jerusha . He was
styled "Cornet" during his life-time, and in the record of
his death, and left a large family and a respectable character
and property. All the children are mentioned in the distribu-
tion of the estate, except Ephraim.
George Farrar, 3 the second son of Jacob, 2 was born Aug.
16, 1670 ; was carried by his mother to Concord when he
was five years old, and brought up a farmer in the south part
of the town, now Lincoln, by a Mr. Goble. When he arrived
at 21 years of age, he had but a quarter of a dollar in his
pocket. He called together his associates and told them he
6 - FAMILY HISTORY.
would treat them with all he had, and begin the world
square. Sept. 9, 1692, he married Mary Howe, who had been
brought up with him in the same family, and with whom he
lived, including their apprenticeship, more than eighty years.
He early purchased a large tract of land in the neighborhood
where he was brought up, and wljere his posterity of the 4th,
5th and 6th generations are now living. He was urged to
settle further in the interior of the country, and was offered
one-half the township of Southborough for two coppers per
acre, and went to see it, but, on his return, said "it was so
far off, that it never could be worth any thing." He died
May 15, 1760. His wife died April 12, 1761. He was a man
of great energy and thrift. Children : 1. Joseph, 4 b. Feb. 28,
1693-4, m. Mary ; 2. Daniel, 4 b. Nov. 30, 1696, m. Han-
nah Fletcher ; 3. George, 4 b. Feb. 16, 1704-5, married Mary
Barrett ; 4. Mary, born Oct. 12, 1706, married Nathan
Brown, lived in Lincoln, and died, leaving a son and daugh-
ters ; 5. Samuel, 4 born Sept. 28, 1708, married Lydia Bar-
rett. His will, dated March 17, 1749, and proved June 9,
1760, mentions his wife and all his children, except Joseph.
It also mentions the five children of Joseph, and gives the
land in Townsend to Benjamin. He had previously settled
his three surviving sons on different portions of his homestead
farm. He was several years Selectman of Concord. — [Shat-
tucWs Hist, of Concord.
John Farrar, 3 the third son of Jacob, 2 called Ensign John
of Marlborough, born about 1672, married Elizabeth Merri-
am, Dec. 6, 1699, and was killed in battle by the Indians at
Sterling, Aug. 19, 1707. — [See Whitney's Hist, of Worcester
County, p. 45.] The widow administered on his estate, (ap-
pointed Sept. 23, 1707) and his brother George was her surety.
June 16, 1708, the government allowed her £1 10, for the loss
of her husband's gun. — [See Council Records.] Their child-
ren were : 1. John, born Sept. 22, 1700; 2. Elizabeth, born
June 25, 1702.
Jacob Farrar, 4 eldest son of Jacob, 3 was born at Concord,
Oct. 23, 1693, married Sarah Wood, daughter of Josiah Wood,
FARRAR FAMILY. 7
1714, and was killed in the famous Indian battle called Lov-
ell's Fight, near Fryeburg, Me., May 8, 1725. She was ap-
pointed Administratrix on his estate, June 9, 1725, and her
father and her husband's uncle, George Farrar, 3 were her sure-
ties. Her administration account was settled April 8, 1726,
and the next day she married David Parlin. Children : 1.
Sarah, born Jan. 19, 1715-6, married John Conant of Towns-
end, Jan. 28, 1735-6 ; 2. Mary, born Oct. 22, 1717, married
Abishai Brown, Sept. 9, 1735 ; 3. Hannah, born April 22,
1720, Thomas Wheeler, guardian, Sept. 9, 1738 ; 4. Jacob, 5
born Oct. 8, 1722, married Mary Merriam ; 5. Ephraim, born
1724, married Mary Dakin, June 13, 1749.
Jonathan Farrar, 4 the second son of Jacob, 3 was born Sept.
21, 1698, married Rebecca , 1724, and died Oct. 4, 1783,
se. 85. Children : 1. Oliver, 5 born March 10, 1727, married
Mary Cole ; 2. Abel, born, March 26, 1729. He was a Ser-
geant in Capt. Samuel Dakin' s Company, in active service in
1756, was taken prisoner at Fort Miller, near Lake George,
April 9, 1758, and died 4th Nov. following. His Captain
was killed in battle, and the event was celebrated in a pair
of verses, of which the following is a specimen :
"Captain Dakin, Sam-u-el,
The gun went off, and down he fell."
3. Jonathan, born July 27, 1731. He was a Lieutenant and
Commander of the Guard at the North Bridge, in Concord, at
the time of the British attack on the 19th of April 1775. —
[Shattuck 1 s Hist, of Concord, p. 105, 347. He married and
lived at Ruport, Vt., where he died, leaving a large family;
4. Simeon, born April 30, 1734; 5. Rebecca, born July 13,
1736 ; 6. Mary, born March 10, 1739 ; 7. Lucy, born April
29, 1742 ; 8. Asa, born Oct. 24, 1744, died 1771.
John Farrar, 4 the fifth son of Jacob, 3 born Sept. 14, 1707,
married Mary , 1731. The birth of their children is dis-
tinctly recorded on the Concord Records, and, singularly
enough, two have the name of the father, and two of the
mother. 1. John, born Sept. 25, 1733, married Joanna Rice,
Feb. 15, 1759 ; 2. Mary, born Jan. 3, 1735 ; 3. John, 6 born
8 FAMILY HISTORY.
June 25, 17 11. married Hannah Brown; 4. Mary, b. Sept.
14, 1743 : 5. Joseph, b. Sept. 25, 1746.
Timothy Farrar, 4 the eighth and youngest son of Jacob, 3
born March 15, 1714, married Jerusha , 1737, and lived
in Acton. He was innholder there on the place of the first
tavern stand on the County road between Concord and Groton.
He sold this stand and the adjoining farm to Daniel Locke of
Cambridge, Nov. 5, 1750. Their son, David born Aug. 20,
Joseph Farrar, 4 the eldest son of George 3 born Feb. 28,
1694, married Mary , 1715, and settled in Chelmsford. —
He was in Lovell's Fight, where his cousin, Jacob 4 was killed
in 1725, and died six or eight years after, leaving the follow-
ing children, who were provided for by their grandfather
George 3 : 1. Joseph, born Oct. 3, 1716. His uncle, Nathan
Brown, was appointed his guardian, Aug. 13, 1733 ; 2. Isaac,
born Aug. 10, 1719, married Sarah Brooks, March, 1743, set-
tled in Townsend ; 3. Mary, born Oct. 7, 1723, married
Newton ; 4. Ruth, born 1726, married Jonas Stevens, of
Townsend, Dec. 15, 1750 ; 5. Benjamin, 5 born 1730, mar-
ried , lived in Upton.
Daniel Farrar, 4 the second son of George 3 born Nov. 30,
1696, married Hannah Fletcher, and settled on the south-
westerly part of his father's farm, which fell in Sudbury.
His will is dated April 2, 1755, proved Sept. 22, 1755, and
mentions his wife and two sons; 1. Josiah 6 born Sept. 1722,
married Hannah Taylor : 2. Daniel,* born 1724, married
George Farrar, 4 the third son of George, 3 born Feb. 16,
1704-5, married Mary Barrett, of Concord, born April 6, 1706,
settled on the northerly part of his father's farm, which, with
the central part, is now owned and occupied by the descend-
ants of his younger brother, Samuel. He died of small pox,
May 28, 1777, se. 73, and she d. Sept. 25, 1778, ae. 72. Chn :
1. Rebecca, b. Jan. 18, 1729, m. Timo. Brown, Feb. 7, 1749;
2. George, b. Nov. 23, 1730, grad. at Harv. 1751, and settled
as a Cong, minister in Easton, 1755. In Sept. 1756, he was
sent for to his fathers house, on occasion of the sickness of
his youngest sister, Love, who died a few days after his
FARRAR FAMILY. 9
arrival, but not until he had taken the same fever, of which he
also died, at his father's house on the 17th of the same month,
and was interred in Lincoln, leaving a wife, but no children. —
[See Shattuck's Hist, of Concord, p. 247.] 3. Mary, born July
6, 1732; m. Nathan Parks, April 8, 1756; 4. Sarah, born
Aug. 12, 1734 ; d. July 28, 1736 ; 5. Sarah, b. Oct. 4, 1736 ;
6. Elizabeth, born Feb. 2, 1738-9, married Stephen Hosmer,
Jr., May 3, 1763 ; 7. Humphrey, 5 born Feb. 23, 1740-1, mar-
ried Lucy Farrar; 8. Joseph, 5 born June 30, 1744, graduated
at Harvard, 1767; 9. Love, born June 13, 1749, died Sept. 9,
Samuel Farrar, 4 the fourth and youngest son of George, 3
born Sept. 28, 1708, settled on the central or homestead por-
tion of his father's farm, married Jan. 13, 1731-2, Lydia Bar-
rett, daughter of Capt. Benjamin Barrett, born Aug. 2, 1712.
He was deacon of the church, and much distinguished in his
day. He died April 17, 1783, se. 75, she died June 1S02, se.
89. Children: 1. Lydia, born Sept. 2, 1735, married William
Bond, March 6, 1755; 2. Samuel, 5 born Feb. 14, 1737, mar-
ried Mercy Hoar ; 3. Stephen, 5 born Sept. 8, 1738, ,
graduated Harvard 1755 ; 4. James, born July 24, 1741, died
at New Ipswich, July 11, 1767; 5. Rebecca, born Aug. 13,
1743, married Dr. John Preston, Nov. 29, 1764 — [see Hist.
New Ipswich^ and post : , pp. 18, 19 :] — 6. Lucy, 5 born April 27,
1745, married Humphrey Farrar, 5 ; 7. Timothy, 5 born June
28, 1747, graduated Harvard 1767; 8. Mary, born July 5,
1754, died Sept. 2, 1756. For some particulars of the life and
character of Dea. Samuel,* see Shattuck's Hist, of Concord,
and Hist, of New Ipswich, p. 358; also jiost, pp. 15. 16.
Jacob Farrar, 5 the eldest son of Jacob, 4 born Oct. 8, 1722,
married Mary Merriam, May 8, 1746, lived on the original
homestead of his grandfather, in the north part of Concord,
and died Dec. 20, 1787, ae. 65. Children: 1. Mary, born
July 4, 1747, married Capt. John Abbott of Westford; 2.
Jacob, 6 born Feb. 15, 1750, married Elizabeth Heywood ;
3. Ruth, born Dec. 17, 1752; 4. Daniel, born May 20, 1756;
10 FAMILY HISTORY.
5. Stephen, born Jan. 19. 1764; G. Hannah, born May 27,
Oliver Farrar, 5 the eldest son of Jonathan, 4 born March
10, 1737, married Mary Cole, lived in Concord, till after the
birth of his children, and then moved with his family to Tem-
ple, N. H., where he died. Children: 1. Abel, born 1759, died
1778; 2. Hepzibah, born 1761, married Peter Jones, Dec. 24,
17S2 ; 3. Mary, born 1763, married Dr. Hosley ; 4. Rebecca,
born 1765, married Benjamin Cragin ; 5. Lydia, bofn 1767,
married Levi Adams; 6. Simon, 6 born 1769, married Me-
hitable Thompson; 7. Oliver, 6 born 1773, married Mary
John Farrar, 6 second son of John, 4 born June 25, 1741,
married Hannah Brown, lived as a Taverner and Militia Offi-
cer at Shrewsbury, where he died January 16, 1793, ae. 52.
— [See Ward's Hist, of Shreicsbury, p. 279.] An obituary of
Major John F. of Shrewsbury, in the Columbian Centinel, of
Jan. 23, 1793, gives him a good character. His widow after-
wards, May 21, 1795, married Rev. Joseph Lee of Royalton.
Their children : 1. Ephraim, born Oct. 22, 1765, at Cam-
bridge, in adult age took the name of John, lived a few years
in Worcester, then went west, married and died there ; 2.
Martha, born March 10, 1767, died in two months. She was
baptized in 1767, "her parents being in covenant with the
church in Concord ; " 3. John, born May 10, 1768, died in
1770 ; 4. Martha, born Aug. 26, 1769, married Bronson
of Milton ; 5. Lucy, born Dec. 13, 1770, died in 1771 ; 6.
Lucy, born Feb. 2, 1773, died in two months ; 7. Mary, born
April 3, 1774, died in two months ; 8. Hannah, born Aug.
25, 1775, died in 1778 ; 9. Relief, born Oct. 20, 1777, died in
six months ; 10. Hannah, bornXov. 26, 1779, married, 1st,
Reed, 2d, Easterbrook of Royalton.
Benjamin Farrar, 5 youngest son of Joseph, 4 born 1730, was
a carpenter, married and lived in Upton, and died 1805, se. 75.
He left a son and daughter, names unknown, and a son,
Ezra, 6 born 1768, married Cloe Taft.
Josiah Farrar, 5 the eldest son of Daniel, 4 born Sept. 1722,
married 1745, Hannah, daughter of John Taylor of North-
borough, a man of considerable note, and a Tory of the Rev-
FARRAR FAMILY. 11
olution, whose name was borne by the former Governor of
New Hampshire, John Taylor Gilman. He died Nov. 24,
1808, ae. 86, and she died Feb. 10, 1810, at the same age,
both at Marlborough, N. H. Their children were born at
Sudbury: 1. Mary, born 1746; married 1st, Graves, 2d,
Wheeler, and died at Worcester, a?, over 90 years ; 2.
Phinehas, 6 born Aug. 20, 1747, married Lovina Warren, of
Marlborough. He made a journey to New Ipswich, and vis-
ited his kinsman there, when they were both over 93 years of
age ; 3. Daniel, who died at 16 years of age ; 4. Josiah, who
died in infancy ; 5. Josiah, who died at seven years of age;
6. Bridget, who married Wilkins, and went to Maine ; 7. Eliz-
beth, who married Billings and settled in Maine.
Daniel Farrar, 5 second son of Daniel. 4 married Mary ,
1748, lived in Lincoln. Children : 1. Daniel, born Sept. 22,
1749, died Dec. 11, 1751 ; 2. Zebediah, 6 born May 9, 1751,
married Catharine More ; 3. Mary, born July 26, 1753, mar-
ried Daniel Cole, 1773 ; 4. Daniel, born March 25, 1755 ;
5. Love, born Feb. 13, 1757, married Cornelius Maloney, and
died in 1806, leaving eight children, one of whom, Cornelius,
took the name of Daniel Farrar, and went to New Orleans
about 1819 ; 6. George, 6 born Feb. 1. 1760, married
Bruce of Sudbury ; 7. Nehemiah, 6 born Oct. 23, 1761 ; mar-
ried Ruth Simonds of Boston, 1788 ; 8. Nahum, born Nov.
19, 1763 ; 9. James, 6 born Nov. 30, 1767, married Elizabeth
Barnes of Wells, Me. ; 10. Josiah, born Feb. 9, 1769 ; d.
same day ; 11. Dolly, born June 7, 1770, married Adam French,
Feb. 1, 1795, and died Jan. 1S23, leaving eleven children.
Humphrey Farrar, 5 second son of George, 4 born Feb. 23,
1741, married April 26, 1770, his cousin Lucy, 6 daughter of
Samuel, 4 born April 27, 1745. They lived at Lincoln, remov-
ed to Hanover, N. H., and afterwards to Colebrook, where he
died. She survived him and died al her son, Dr. Farrar's,
of Derry, Jan. 1832, se. 87. Children : 1. Lucy, born July
29, 1771, married Rev. Ebenezer Price, D. D., of Boscawen,
grad. Dartmouth, 1793 ; 2. Mary, born Aug. 11, 1772, mar-
ried Dr. Moulton of Bucksport, Me. ; 3. Humphrey, born Sept.
15, 1773, grad. Dartmouth, 1794, died July 1840 ; 4. Joseph,
born Feb. 24, 1775, grad. Dartmouth, 1794, married Mehitable
12 FAMILY HISTORY.
Dana, who died at Wol Thorough, N. H., 1850. He died at the
house of his son. George B. Farrar, 7 of New York, in Feb.
L851. 5. Timothy, born April 7, 1777, married Mary Bar-
ron ISO J. and died without issue; 6. George, born Oct. 6,
177S, grad. Dartmouth, 1800, married 1st, Sarah Prentice,
daughter of Hon. John Prentice of Deny ; 2d, Hannah Crock-
er. He is a practicing physician of much respectability at
Derry, having children and grand-children, 7th and 8th gene-
ration, in Boston and New York; 7. William, born Sept.
13, 1780, grad. Dartmouth 1801, married 1st, Margaret ,
2d, Trephena Burgis ; settled in Lancaster, N. H., where he
died March 1850. He left a son, William H. 7 who is a law-
yer in Boston ; 8. Lydia, born May 25, 1782, married Beza
Woodward, son of Professor Woodward of Dartmouth Col-
lege, and died 1845.
Joseph Farrar, 5 third and youngest son of George, 4 born
June 30, 1744, grad. Harvard, 1767, settled as a minister in
Dublin, N. H., June 10, 1772, dismissed June 7, 1776, married
Mary Brooks of Grafton, Mass., July 28, 1779, installed at
Dummerston, Vt., Aug. 24, 1779, dismissed 1783, again settled
at Eden, Vt., Dec. 15, 1812, till Dec. 14, 1815, removed to
Petersham, Mass., where he died, xipril 5, 1816, se. 72. His
wife born Feb. 4, 1755, still lives at Petersham. Children:
1. Joseph, born April 4, 1780, married Nov. 9, 1806,
Farmer, in Petersham, has son Gardner F., living in Fitch-
burg, and Joseph in Lowell, 7th generation ; 2. Mary, born
Oct. 18, 1781, died April 15, 1786 ; 3. Joel Brooks, born July
28, 1784, died April 13, 1786 : 4. Reuel, born Nov. 5, 1786,
lives in Petersham ; 5. Anna, born Feb. 10, 1789, married Jan.
30, 1815, died June 3, 1S20 ; 6. Mary, born Aug. 1, 1791,
married 1st, Stevens, 2d, Josiah S. Prentice of Oxford,
Mass., Sept. 7, 1828; 7. Sally, born Jan. 20, 1794, married
June, 1843; 8. Humphrey, born Aug. 13, 1798, married June
1827, lives in Petersham. Rev. Joseph 5 was a. man of great
eccentricity, amounting occasionally to absolute derangement
of mind.— [See N. E. Hist and Gen. Reg. for 1849, p. 211.
Samuel Farrar, 5 eldest son of Deacon Samuel 4 born Feb.
14, 1737, married Mercy Hoar, Feb. 13, 1772, lived on the
paternal estate in Lincoln, was Captain of the militia, and
FARRAR FAMILY. 13
much distinguished in active service during the Revolution,
succeeded his father as Deacon of the church, and died Sept.
19, 1829, se. 92. His wid. died shortly after. He was a man
of great energy of character and strength of mind. — [See Shat-
tuck's Hist, of Concord.} Children : 1. Samuel, born Dec. 13,
1773, grad. Harvard, 1797, married Oct. 30, 1S14, Phebe Ed-
wards, (a descendant of President Jonathan Edwards, and
widow of Rev. Asahel Hooker.) who died Jan. 22, 184S. —
[See Funeral Sermon, by Rev Dr. Woods.] He was Treasurer
of the Theological Institution, and President of the Bank at
Andover. where he resides. 2. James, 6 born Oct. 12, 1776. m.
Nancy Barrett ; 3. John, born Hay 1. 1779, grad. Harvard
1803, mar. 1st, Lucy Maria, (daughter of Rev. Dr. Buckmin-
ster of Portsmouth, and sister of Rev. Joseph S. Buckminster
of Boston :) 2d. Eliza Roach. He was Professor of Natural
Philosophy and Mathematics at Harvard College, and resides
in Cambridge. 4. Rebecca, born Nov. 21, 1782, died July 5.
1784; 5. Rebecca, born Dec. 21, 17S5, married Rev. Dr. Jona-
than French of Northampton, N. H., Dec. 5, 1804, and has a
large family of children, and grandchildren, Sth generation.
Stephen Farrar. 5 the second son of Deacon Samuel, 4 born
Sept. 8, 1738. grad. Harvard 1755. first Minister of New Ipswich,
N. H. where he lived more than fifty years, married Eunice
Brown of YYaltham, 1764, and died June 23, 1809, a3. 70. She
died Sept. 9, ISIS, se. 74. — [See account of his character in
Funeral Sermon by Setli Payson, D. D. 1809, Shattuck' s Hist.
of Concord. Hist, of New Ipsicicli. p. 359, and post p. 16.]
Their children were: 1. Eunice, born Aug. 18, 1765. died
Sept. 3, 1765 : 2. Stephen, 6 born Aug. 17. 1766. married Nancy
Morse, Oct. 11, 1797, lived at Groton, and died at New Ips-
wich, leaving sons and daughters; 3. Eunice, born Feb.
26, 1768, mar. Peter Jones, and died April, 1S3S, leaving 5
children ; 4. James, b. June 23, 1769, mar. Araminta Turrell,
lived in Vermont, and d. 1812 ; 5. Isaac Brown. 6 b. March 27,
1771, married Anna, dau. of Dr. Lawrence of Pepperell, lived
in New Ipswich, removed to Fairfax, Yt.. where he died 1S38,
leaving a large family, among whom are Ephraim H. 7 grad.
Middlebury, 1S31, and Ebenezer Lawrence Farrar 7 , of Bur-
lington, Yt. ; 6. Samuel, bom June 2S ; 1772, grad. Harvard
14 FAMILY HISTORY.
1793. mar. Doming, and settled in Vt, died 1846, leaving
14 children, 7th generation ; 7. Prentice, b. Nov. 12, 1773, mar.
Elizabeth Osgood of Rutland, Vt., settled in Canada and died
there, leaving 7 children ; 8. Mary, born June 21, 1775, mar.
Samuel Dakin, grad. Dartmouth, 1797, and has 5 children ;
9. Moses, b. March 12, 1777, mar. Electa Turrell, and d. 1815 ;
10. Lydia, b. Dec. 30, 1778, mar. March 6, 1800, Rev. Warren
Pierce, grad. Dartmouth, 1799, and d. May 10, 1822. She has
9 chn. and 1 or more great-grandchildren, being the 9th gen-
eration. 11. Caleb, 6 b. June 1780, mar. Sarah Parker, March
15, 1804, lives at Middlebury, Vt. 12. Nancy, born Jan. 14,
17S2, mar. 1st, John Muzzy, afterwards mar. Hodgkins and
Lovegrove ; 13. Ephraim Hart well, born Dec. 8, 1783, mar.
Phebe Parker, sister of his Bro. Caleb's wife, and widow of
Jonas C. Champney. She d. 1848, and he d. Jan. 8, 1851, at
New Ipswich, leaving a dau. Sarah Eunice, b. Aug. 1827.
Timothy Farrar, 5 the fourth and youngest son of Deacon
Samuel, 4 born June 28, 1747, grad. Harvard 1767, married
Anna Bancroft, Oct. 14, 1779, and lived in New Ipswich. He
was a Judge of the Courts in New Hampshire from 1775 to
1816, inclusive, in the course of which time he occupied every
seat, from that of Junior Justice of the County Court in 1775,
to that of Chief Justice of the Superior Court, to which he
was appointed Feb. 22, 1S02. His wife died May 1, 1817, at
Dover, and he died Feb. 21, 1S49, at Hollis, a3. 101 years 7
months and 12 days. Having survived all his college cotem-
poraries, he was the last person living who had been graduated
under the royal government, and is now the eldest among the
tenants of Mount Auburn. His grandfather died when he
was 13 years of age, and was born 17 years after the im-
migration of his ancestor, so that the two lives will cover
almost the entire history of New England from -its settlement
to the middle of the 19th century. He was the last of the
first five generations ; four more are now on the stage. The
engraved portrait preceding this article is said to be an excel-
lent likeness of him. For some account of his character and
family, see Mr. Clary's Centennial Discourse, 1837; Shat-
tuck'sHist. of Concord; N. E. Hist. Gen. Register for 1849,
p. 289 ; Hist, of New Ipswich, passim : also post, pp. 20 to 30,
THE FARRAR FAMILY.
Conspicuous among the early, though not among the first
settlers of New Ipswich, were four members of this family.
They were children of Dea. Samuel Farrar 4 , of that part
of Concord, Mass., which is now Lincoln. He was born
Sept. 28, 1708, the youngest son of George 3 , who first settled
in that place in 1692, and great-grand-son of Jacob 1 , who was
one of the original proprietors of Lancaster, Mass., in 1653. ( a )
Though he lived and died on his father's farm in Lincoln,
where his descendants still live, yet as he was long a freeholder
and taxpayer in this town, settled so many of his children
here, and thereby promoted the settlement here of so many of
his townsmen and neighbors, we claim a right to appropriate
a portion of his character and history. ( b ) He married, Jan.
13, 1731-2, Lydia. daughter of Capt. Benjamin Barrett, and
grand-daughter of James Minot, Esq., " who was one of the
most distinguished men of his day in Concord." She was
born Aug. 2, 1712, and died in June, 1802, in her 90th year.
He was much interested in public affairs, frequently serving
his town as Selectman, Town Clerk, Representative, &c., and
was a patriot of great zeal, steadiness and perseverance. He
was Selectman of Concord in 1754, when Lincoln was set off,
and afterwards for many years Town Clerk and Representa-
tive of the new town.
In Nov. 1773, he was Chairman of the first Committee of
Correspondence, and afterwards a member of the great Mid-
dlesex Convention of Aug. 30, 1774, which led off in the
Revolution, by Resolving, among other things of similar
import, " That it is our opinion these late acts [of the British
a See a Genealogical account of the family in the 6th Vol. N. E. Hist, and Ge-
nealogical Register, page 313, for A. D. 1852.
b See Shattuck's History of Concord,
16 FAMILY HISTORY.
Parliament.] if quietly submitted to, will annihilate the last
vestige of liberty in this Province, and therefore we must be
justified, by God and the world, in never submitting to themP
He was also a member of the first Provincial Congress, which
met Oct. 11, 1774, and at the age of 66 years, took part in
the first battle of the Revolution, at Concord, Apr. 19, 1775.
He died soon after the conclusion of the war, Apr. 17, 1783,
in the 75th year of his age, having witnessed the establish-
ment of the independence of his country, and endured the
hardships of its acquisition, but leaving to his posterity the
enjoyment of the rich inheritance of its blessings.
was the second son
>and third child of Dea.
Samuel 4 , born September 8, 1738, and graduated at Harvard
College in 1755, with a class which has been considered re-
markable for the number of its distinguished characters.. He
commenced preaching in New Ipswich in the winter of 1758-
9, before he was twenty-one years of age ; was called to settle
in November 1759, collected and organized a church, and was
ordained its first pastor, October 22, 1760. He continued its
pastor, and the only minister of the gospel in the place, to the
time of his death.
His connections by marriage, as well as birth, were highly
respectable. Eunice, his wife, (daughter of the late Isaac
Brown of TValtham, sister of Moses Brown of Beverly, and
of Mary, wife of Ephraim Hartwell, Esq..) whom he married
in 1764, survived him about 9 years, and died Sept. 9, 1818,
aged 74. Their children were
1.— Stephen, 6 b. Aug. 17, 1766. 2.— Eunice, b. Feb. 26,
1768. 3.— James, b. June 23, 1769. 4.— Isaac Brown, b.
March 27, 1771. 5.— Samuel, b. June 20, 1772, grad. Harv.
1793. 6.— Prentice, b. Nov. 12, 1773. 7.^-Mary, b. June
26, 1775. 8.— Moses, b. March 12, 1777. 9.— Lydia, b. Dec.
30, 1778. 10. — Caleb, b. June, 1780. 11. — Nancy, b. Jan.
24, 1782. 12.— Ephradi Hartwell, b. Dec. 8, 1783.
They all survived him, married, and brought up families of
their own. Several of them spent portions of their married
FARRAR FAMILY. 17
life in N. I., but Eph. Hartwell was the only one that spent
the whole. In 1826 he married Phebe Parker, at that time
the widow of Jonas C. Champney, and remained an inhabi-
tant here, occupying the farm and last residence of his father,
till he died Jan. S, 1851. He served his generation as an
instructor of youth, 8 Town Clerk, and in other civil and
ecclesiastical relations, respected and beloved as a good citi-
zen, and a most kind and amiable man. It is said that at this
time, (1852) none of the numerous descendants of the first
minister remain in the town. His ministry, extending through
half a century, was useful, peaceful and happy. His natural
talents were above the ordinary standard. 13 He had a clear
discernment, sound judgment, and a good knowledge of hu-
man character. Decision and firmness were among his most
striking characteristics, yet prudence and moderation held a
distinguished place among the large assemblage of his virtues.
He was distinguished for his early and constant piety, and
the unceasing devotion of his whole soul to the solemn duties
of his charge. As a Theologian he was a Calvinist — as a
preacher evangelical and pathetic. As a man, his manners
of eminent gravity and dignity, were tempered to urbanity by
christian benevolence. In his private deportment, as well as
in his public ministrations, he never failed to manifest a deep
sense of the majesty and holiness of God, and the value of
the gospel ; scarce anything can be conceived more solemn
than his devotional addresses. One who knew him well, has
said of him, " I have known no man, the recollection of
whose moral, intellectual, and personal qualities, rests with so
much power on my mind, as forming a character so truly
venerable and becoming a father and apostle in the church."
Sanctity of maimers, devotion to God, and benevolence to
man, were the great leading traits of his character. The
extent of his influence in promoting the settlement of this
town may be inferred not only from its rapid progress after he
came, but from the number of his personal connections, and
a For several years in Boston. See History of New Ipswich, p. 320.
b Panoplist, 1811. N. H. Hist. Collections. — Boston Patriot, 1809. Funeral
Sermon, by Dr. Pavson, 1809.
18 FAMILY HISTORY
former townsmen, who followed him here. His influence on
the general character and respectability of the town, may be
inferred, perhaps with less certainty, from the number of dis-
tinguished men it contained, the progress of education and
improvement, and the moral and conservative principles and
conduct of the people during the fifty years of his connection
He preached to his own people on his last Sabbath, and his
life and ministerial labor were suddenly terminated together,
by apoplexy, on the 23d day of June, 1809. The Rev. Dr.
Payson, of Rindge, preached his funeral sermon, which was
published, from the text, " Devout men carried Stephen to his
burial, and made great lamentation over him." The town
took charge of his funeral, and placed over his grave a plain
marble slab, which, besides the usual memorials, contains the
following inscription, which has been admired for its touching
THE PEOPLE OF HIS CHARGE
LEAVE THIS STONE
TO MARK THE PLACE
WHERE THEY HAVE LAID HIM.
About two years after his decease, a the Rev. Dr. Payson,
who, on entering the ministry, had received the charge from
him, was called upon to deliver the charge at the ordination
of Mr. Farrar's successor. After an appropriate introduction,
he proceeded to transmit the same charge which had been
delivered to him. The circumstance had a powerful effect on
the mind of the speaker, and the manner in which it was used
made it no less powerful on the hearers. Standing in his
place, and speaking his words, he seemed to exhibit their ven-
erated pastor from the grave, instructing his youthful succes-
sor how to break the bread of life to his people.
The only publications from the press, to which he is known
to have given his name, are a sermon preached at the inter-
ment of the Rev. Mr. Dix of Townsend, and several charges
delivered at the ordinations of his brethren in the ministry.
James, 5 the third son and fourth child of Dea. Samuel, was
born July 24, 1741. He came to this town after his brother's
a N. H. Historical Collections.
FARRAR FAMILY. 19
ordination, and after coming of age in 1762, and settled as a
farmer, on the place where his younger brother afterwards
lived. His deed is dated October loth, 1762. He cleared a
portion of this farm, and commenced the present buildings
upon it. A view of the house is presented on the next page.
It is not known to whose right the lot No. ] , in the 8th range,
on which the buildings stand, fell, in the division among the
Proprietors of the Massachusetts Grant, or whether any
dwelling-house was erected upon it. But it is known that
some improvements were made, and that the first meeting-
house and burying-ground were located on either side of the
road, on the top of the hill, eastwardly of the dwelling-house,
and in the neighborhood of the solitary hemlock, which
remains the only survivor of the ancient forest that covered
the hill. That meeting-house was burnt some years before
the New Hampshire grant was made, but it has not been
ascertained precisely when it was built. The building of it
was required, as a condition in the Massachusetts Grant,
which became utterly void, by the running of the New Hamp-
shire line in 1741. It is not probable, therefore, that the
grantees would be at any expense to perform the condition
after that time. James died July 11, 1767, in his 26th year,
and unmarried. It is inscribed on his grave-stone that
"He was a pious youth."
The inhabitants had manifested their confidence in him. by
electing him to many responsible offices in the town, and at
time of his premature death he was surveyor of highways,
and a member of the committee for building the third meeting-
house, which was completed in 1769.
Rebecca, 5 the fifth child of Dea. Samuel, was born Aug.
13, 1743, and married Doctor John Preston of this town, Nov.
29, 1764. She outlived her husband, and died April 1, 1S29,
in her 86th year. Her history, with that of her husband and
numerous family, belongs, more appropriately, to the head of
their family name, to which the reader is referred.
^y^m — is 7 Cu?*-? Ct^f* , s the fourth and youngest son, and
seventh child of Dea. Samuel, was born June 28, 1747, old
style. a He passed the years of his childhood and youth on
his father 7 s farm and at the schools in Concord, till the year
1763, when he entered Harvard College, where he was grad-
uated in 1787. The two following years he passed in teach-
ing schools in Concord and Lincoln, which had now become
a separate town, and Framingham. The Hon. John Locke,
late member of Congress from Middlesex, now of Boston,
says he went to school to him in Framingham in 1769. In
the same capacity of school teacher, he came to this town in
1770, and his name first appears on the tax list in October of
that year. The next spring the town voted to employ an Eng-
lish schoolmaster for nine months of the year, and to raise
money to build school-houses in the several districts. "When
this was done, the practice was to dispense with a central
Grammar school, and employ him to teach in all the districts
in succession, allowing all the Grammar scholars to follow
him into them. In this manner the English scholars com-
a See Shattuck's Hist. Concord ; Mr. Clary's Centennial Discourse, 1847 :
Rev. Mr. Lee's Funeral Sermon; Gen. Reg. 1850.
FARRAR FAMILY. 21
pleted their education, and those intended for college pursued
their preparatory studies. In 1771 he became a freeholder,
and in 1773 the owner of the entire farm on which he lived,
including part of No. 1 in the 7th range, the whole of No. 1
in the 8th range, and part of No. 1 in the 9th range, or the
Jo. Kidder lot, as it was called.
The farm and the schools divided his attention, till the
change of government at the Revolution threw him into wider
and more public responsibilities, to the exclusion of the latter.
He never received an appointment of any sort from the King's
government, nor is it known that he ever came directly in
contact with it, till, in 1773, he was appointed by the town
Chairman of a Committee to inquire into certain proceedings
of the magistrates, sitting in the Court of Sessions for the
county, in the case of John Holland, a deputy sheriff or jailor,
who had suffered the escape of Joseph Kelley, a prisoner in
his custody : and the Court of Sessions, which included all the
King's justices of the peace in the county, had undertaken to
charge the damages upon the county, and apportioned the
amount to the several towns. The claim against this town
was £78.3.2; and in August this Committee was appointed
and instructed "to inquire into the cause of the grant," and
to confer with similar committees from other towns. In Octo-
ber following, the same Committee were further directed to
petition the General Court on the subject. No redress, how-
ever, was obtained, and the controversy went on, till, on
March 13th. 1775, the town voted that they would not pay it;
and the matter was consequently merged and decided witli
the other controversies of the Revolution.
From March 1774 to March 1775, he was first Selectman
and Town Clerk. During this year, several other important
measures were adopted. In regard to representation in the
legislature, which they had assiduously sought for several
years, they voted not to petition for the privilege any longer,
but in December they passed the following Resolution :
" That it is the opinion of this town that Representation is
absolutely necessary to legal taxation, or legislation ; and this
town has for a number of years been taxed to the Province,
and has had no voice in legislation, which is a great griev-
22 FARRAR FAMILY.
ance ; and, in order to obtain redress, that the Selectmen do
forward a petition and remonstrance to his Excellency our
Governor, that we may enjoy those privileges which are es-
sential to the British Constitution ; and that they call upon
the adjacent towns to adopt the like measures, and endeavor
that the unrepresented towns come into similar measures
throughout the Province." In January they chose a Dele-
gate to the Provincial Congress, to meet at Exeter on the 25th,
and elect Delegates for the Province to the Continental Con-
gress, to meet at Philadelphia May 10th ; and at the same
time instructed their Delegate " to use his endeavors that the
Province be put in a state of defence."
On the memorable 19th of April, 1775, when the alarm was
given that the British had marched out of Boston towards
Concord, he, with his neighbors, seized his musket and march-
ed to meet them. They were without commissions, and
without military organization, for all military as well as civil
authority was then in the hands of the King's officers. Hear-
ing, before they arrived at Concord, that the British had re-
turned to Boston, well pursued, he returned home. In this
town, the last precept issued "In His Majesty's Name," was
the one calling the annual meeting in March 1775 ; and after
taking up arms, the last vestige of royal authority soon ceas-
ed throughout the Province.
During this year Mr. F. received two commissions on the
same day, one that of a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas,
and the other that of Major of the forces to be raised for the
defence of the Province, with an urgent request that he would
accept the civil office, that being the most difficult to fill,
mainly on account of the lack of compensation, and of chances
for promotion. This he did, and in a letter to a friend, under
date of Nov. 27, 1834, he writes : " In the autumn of 1775, a
Court of Common Pleas, and Court of General Sessions of the
Peace, was organized, (of which I was a member b ) ; and held
their sessions at Amherst at the times appointed by law, from
that time to the present. Some of the Courts were held with-
b Both Courts were held in the same week, Thursday being Sessions day; and
the usage was for the Common Pleas judges to sit as magistrates in the Sessions
Court. — Ed.
FARRAR FAMILY. 23
out the attendance of any one member of the Bar. at others
two or three would attend. But as business was as scarce
as attorneys, there was little or no suffering for want of advo-
cates to plead their causes, by any who had either occasion or
inclination to litigation."' Under what authority this was
done, does not appear. The Provincial Congress at Exeter,
and the Committee of Safety, who in the recess exercised the
same powers, made both military and civil appointments dur-
ing this year ; and a county congress for Hillsborough, which
convened at Amherst May 24th, and in which this town was
represented till October 27th, may have done the same thing.
The Provincial Congress early applied to the Continental Con-
gress for advice in regard to the "mode of civil government.''
This, however, was not obtained till Nov. 3d. The elections,
in conformity to it, were made early in December, and the
new Convention met at Exeter Dec. 21. They adopted the
temporary Constitution Jan. 5th, 1776, resolved themselves
into a " House of Representatives," and chose twelve persons
to constitute a distinct branch of the Legislature, under the
name of a " Council." After this all public officers were ap-
pointed by the two Houses ; and on the 24th of the same
month they made one hundred and fifty-three civil d appoint-
ments, including twenty-nine judges ; and among them, and
probably the youngest on the list, was Mr. F., then twenty-
eight years of age, appointed or confirmed as Judge of the
Court of Common Pleas, under the temporary Constitution.
This judicial appointment, accompanied probably with a com-
mission of the Peace, carried with it all the duties of a local
magistracy for that part of the county, in both civil and crim-
inal cases. The following letter, from a Judge of the Supreme
Court of Massachusetts, may indicate something of the man-
ner of doing this kind of business during the war.
Groton, 15th July, 17S0.
Sir — You have now in custody in your place one J. D., of this
town, who is suspected of having been concerned in passing coun-
terfeit money, and as his being sent into this Government may be
c Only three, Atherton, Champney, and Claggett, resided in the county, two
of whom were Tories. — Ed.
d And no military ?
24 FAMILY HISTORY.
conducive of detecting others more attrociously guilty than himself,
I shall take it as a favor that he may be sent by the person who de-
livers this. He shall be so well secured here, that he shall be lia-
ble to the justice of your State at any time.
I am, Sir, your very humble servant,
Timothy Farrar, Esq.
From April 177S to May 20, 1782, when he resigned, he
was a member of the Convention for forming a new Constitu-
tion, and one of the committee to draft the instrument ; and
from 1779 he was one oi the memorable thirty-two councillors,
till the new Constitution went into operation, in June 1784,
by which Judges were excluded from the Legislature.
In the midst of the war, Oct. 14, 1779, he married Anna
Bancroft, daughter of Capt. Edmund Bancroft of Pepperell,
and sister of the late Dr. Amos Bancroft of Groton. This
connection was altogether respectable, appropriate and happy.
Capt. Bancroft was an independent and successful farmer,
and also, like Dea. F., had been a member of the famous
Middlesex Convention of August 30, 1774. of the Provincial
Congress of 1776, and held divers other offices evincing the
confidence of his fellow-citizens ; while the daughter possess-
ed all those personal attractions and accomplishments neces-
sary for an affectionate and confiding wife, and a faithful and
A heavy affliction, however, awaited them in the loss of
their first child, a lovely daughter of near five years of age.
She was born March 1, 1785, and died on Saturday, Oct. 17,
1789. Notwithstanding the crushing severity of this disci-
pline, they did not shut themselves up to inordinate grief, but
rather, on the morrow, being the first day of the week, follow-
ed the submissive example of God's ancient servant, who,
in similar circumstances, "arose and washed himself, and
changed his apparel, and came unto the house of God, and
worshipped." The stone that marks her resting-place, by the
side of her uncle James, in the Hill burying-ground, bears this
sorrowful, but hopeful inscription :
" Farewell, sweet child, we part in pain,
But we shall live to meet again."
FARRAR FAMILY. 25
About this time, in addition to the duties of his farm and
the Judiciary, he was much interested in laying the founda-
tions of" the Academy, e of which the history has been given in
another place ; and in the measures for forming and adopting
the Constitution of the United States, and organizing the Gov-
ernment under it. In March 1791, he was appointed to the
Bench of the Supreme Court. He sent in his resignation in
1796, but on the urgent and unanimous solicitation of the Gov-
ernor and Council, afterwards withdrew it, and on Feb. 22d,
1802, was appointed Chief Justice of that court. Having de-
termined, however, to leave that Bench as soon as satisfactory
arrangements could be made, he did not accept the office,
though he continued to preside in the Court till Judge Smith
consented to take it. This was signified to him in the follow-
ing letter : —
Peterborough, 2 August, 1802.
Dear Sir — I have consulted with my friends in this place, and
at length have determined to accept the office of Chief Justice for
the present. I can truly say, that I have never, in the course of my
life, formed a resolution with so much reluctance, and I feel as if I
should repent it. I mention this, that I may avoid the charge of
fickleness, in case I should soon quit it.
I am, with sincere esteem and regard,
Dear Sir, your friend and obedient servant,
Judge Farrar. Jeremiah Smith.
Judge Farrar finally resigned his seat in that Court in the
succeeding April, and accepted a reappointment to the Bench
of the Court of Common Pleas in his own county, where he
presided till 1813.
In this Court, soon after this time, two incidents occurred,
which are rendered interesting by reason of their connection
with the most distinguished son of New Hampshire. Mr.
Webster was a native of this county/ and in this Court re-
ceived his first civil appointment, while a student at law, and
here also made his first professional effort, immediately after
he came to the Bar in 1805. The first was the occasion of
the following letter to the Chief Justice :
e The original obligation, by which he and others bound their estates for the
expense in 1787, is still in existence in his handwriting. See Hist. N.Ips. p. 197.
f Merrimac county was not constituted till 1823.
26 FAMILY HISTORY.
Salisbury, July 12, 1804.
Timothy Farrar, Esq.: — Instances of favors conferred some-
times occur, in which it is not a little difficult to determine whether
a respectful silence or an open acknowledgment is most likely to be
well received by him who has obliged us. But though it may be
uncertain whether we ought to speak, it is yet sometimes difficult
to be silent, when kind things are done in a kind manner.
My honored father informed me, that on an expected vacancy in
the Clerkship of the Court of Common Pleas in this County, you
were pleased to mention my name to the Court as a candidate for
that office. I should be happy, if on this occasion, I could express
my gratitude in terms not likely to offend against the delicacy of
your feelings. I confess I was gratified, as well as surprised, by
this unexpected mark of distinction ; particularly so, as I have not
the honor of much acquaintance with you, and am destitute of
many of those aids, which make young men known in the world,
beyond the sphere of their personal friends.
Office and emolument have, as I hope, their just and no more
than their just estimation in my mind ; but aside from the consid-
eration of these, and though I should never, in this case, possess
them, the nomination will add something to my happiness, as I
shall be the better pleased with myself, for having been thought
worthy an office of trust and confidence by Judge Farrar.
I am, sir, with high respect,
your humble servant,
Hon ble Timothy Farrar, New Ipswich, N. H.
The second is related substantially in Loring's " Boston
Orators." as follows :
At his first term, Mr. W. had no case for trial, that rendered it
necessary for him to address the court, but he had an important mo-
tion to make, not in the order of the docket, for which he had made
elaborate preparation. Not being familiar with the course of busi-
nesSj and having seen no favorable opportunity to introduce and
argue his motion, after waiting the whole term, till the court stood
on its adjournment, he rose, and stated to the court, that he had
hoped for an opportunity to bring his motion before them, and had
prepared himself to argue it, but that he now saw there was no
time for the purpose. Nevertheless, he was unwilling to omit alto-
gether acquainting the court with his case. With this introduction,
he proceeded to make a short statement of the circumstances of
his case, and the remedy for which he had proposed to call upon
the court ; but, at that stage of the business, he would not under-
take to argue it, though he had prepared himself for the purpose.
When he had resumed his seat, the chief-justice, turning to his
associates, remarked, in an undertone, which was, however, over-
heard, " That young man's statement is a most unanswerable argu-
FARRAR FAMILY. 27
ment," and immediately granted his motion. Mr. Webster has
been frequently heard to remark that this incident has had a marked
influence on his efforts in after life. It suggested to him the im-
portance of clear statement, and the use of a plain style in discus-
Mr. Webster imbibed in early youth, from his father, the high-
est degree of respect for Judge Farrar. Judge Farrar, the late
Judge Jeremiah Smith, Col. Robert Means, and Col. John Orr,
were among the citizens of the County whom Judge Webster most
respected, and taught his son to respect. Of Judge Farrar, Mr.
Webster has often said, that he never knew a Judge of a more
calm, dispassionate, and impartial character — a better listener to a
discussion — or a man more anxious to discover the truth, and to do
justice. In these traits of character he thought him very much to
resemble the late Chief Justice Marshall.
In reference to another trait of his character, it may be proper
here to insert a remark of Mr. Webster's old instructor in the law,
the late Thomas W. Thompson, for several years a Senator in
Congress. Speaking of his firmness and courage under difficulties
and opposition, Mr. Thompson remarked, that in case of clearly
ascertained right and duty, he never knew a man that would march
right up to the cannon's mouth and stand his ground in defiance of
consequences, like Judge Farrar.
In 1S13. on a reorganization of the Courts, the three coun-
ties of Rockingham. Strafford and Hillsborough were brought
into one Common Pleas circuit, and Judge F. was appointed
Chief Justice for the Eastern circuit. In 1S1G. on a political
revolution, a different organization of the Courts was effected,
in which he declined to enlist, and thereby retired from his
connection with the Judiciary, after a continuous service of
more than forty years.
In the mean time, he had been four times elected a member
of the Board of Electors of President and Vice President of the
United States, and in 1S04 was appointed a Trustee of Dart-
mouth College, which office he sustained for over twenty
years. While in this office, he and his associates had the
honor of presenting a steady, persevering and successful oppo-
sition to the unconstitutional and oppressive legislation, that
sought to subject the property and franchises of that Institu-
tion to the purposes of political partizanship : and of thereby
vindicating and establishing, before the highest tribunal of
the nation, the inviolability of the chartered rights of this and
28 FAMILY HISTORY.
similar Institutions, for all coming time.s He was repeatedly
nominated and urged to become a candidate for the Congress
of the United States, and for Governor of this State ; and in
March 1817, was actually chosen, without his consent, to the
State Legislature. 11 These honors he respectfully, but decid-
edly declined, and devoted himself exclusively to domestic
His surviving children, a son and three daughters, had now
been emancipated, and all but the youngest had finally quit
the paternal mansion. But a sorer bereavement awaited him
in the irreparable loss of their excellent and benevolent
mother. While on a visit to her third daughter, Anna, wife
of the Rev. Joseph W. Clary, of Dover, she died suddenly,
May 1, 1817, commending, in her dying breath, her absent
and affectionate husband to the consolations of the Holy
Spirit. She lies interred in the Cemetery at Dover, and beside
her have since been laid her daughter Anna, her son-in-law,
the Rev. Mr. Clary, and two grand-children, William Clary
and Horace Hall.
Thus, at the age of threescore years and ten, his home had
become desolate, and its appurtenances, to him, useless. He
had neither the assistants necessary to enable him to use them,
nor the dependencies necessary to stimulate, by participating
in, the enjoyment of them. It remained for him, therefore, to
divest himself of all those material accumulations, which it had
been the business of his life to make, for the support, employ-
ment, and happiness of his family, and which had now be-
come mere incumbrances. This object was effected by degrees
in the course of a few succeeding years.
He now divided his time among his descendants and friends,
employing his leisure to feed and store his mind from books,
and blessing his children and grand-children with the counsels
of wisdom, and the practical exhibition of that benignity,
cheerfulness and enjoyment, which are the result and reward
of a life of piety and virtue.
e Dartmouth College case. College v. Woodward, (9 Wheaton's Rep.)
h " The Hon. Timothy Farrar was chosen to represent the town in the Gene-
ral Court, who, after a very interesting and pathetic address to the town, declin-
ed serving." — [Town Records, March 11, 1817.
FARRAR FAMILY. 29
When the infirmities of age, and the desire of repose ren-
dered journeying irksome to him, he took up his abode with
his youngest daughter, Eliza, and her husband. Dr. Scripture
of Hollis. Thus, narrowing his circle only as necessity sug-
gested, resigning one source of pleasure and activity after an-
other, not bytfhe neglect or nonnser of any of his faculties,
bat only as power ceased, he gradually retired, not only with-
out repining, bat cheerfully and contentedly, to the cultivation,
preservation and enjoyment of what remained, till the re-
maining purposes of his long, useful and happy life were ac-
complished. He never ceased to enjoy life himself, or to add
to the enjoyment of others, while life lasted : uniformly prac-
tising those virtues that are the means of preserving and pro-
longing the faculties of body and soul, and affording an exam-
ple of the calm and peaceful resignation, and Christian hope,
with which, by the grace of God, the soul may watch and
contemplate the certain and near approach of the last scene
of life, and enter upon the realities of Faith beyond. About
twenty years before his death, he had prefaced his last Will
and Testament with these memorable and significant words,
written with his own hand. '-Daily reminded by the great
age to which I have arrived, and the consequent infirmities
of that period of life, of the mortality of my body, and that
the time of my departure is at hand ; and entertaining a good
hope, through grace, of a better resurrection, and a glorious
immortality, I do," &c.
He attained the age of 101 years, 7 months, and 12 days,
surviving all his collegiate cotemporaries, and all the ante-
,je volution ary graduates of Harvard College — the 153 officers
of the civil list in 1776 — the "memorable 32 Councillors ' of
the Revolution — and it is believed all his associates in the
Convention for forming the first Constitution of 1784.
An unadorned marble block, by his grave, on Elder Path,
No. 1182, in Mount Auburn Cemetery, bears the following
inscription : —
Hon. Timothy Farrar, LL. D.,
Born June 28, 1747.
For more than 40 successive years
he sustained the office of Judge
in the Supreme and Com. Pleas Courts
of the State of New Hampshire.
Blessed by a kind Providence
with a sound mind, health, honor,
and length of days,
he maintained with meekness and firmness,
the pure character
of his Christian profession ;
with uniform kindness and tenderness,
the ties of conjugal and parental affection ;
with impartial and enlightened justice,
the dignity of his official station.
Satisfied with long life, and worldly good,
and entertaining a good hope, through grace,
of a better resurrection,
and a glorious immortality,
on the 21st day of February, 1S49,
he yielded up his soul
to God who gave it.
He was a just man, and feared God.
Alas, my Father !
FARRAR FAMILY. 31
Hall, Rev. Richard, the successor of Mr. Farrar and second
Pastor of the church, was born at Mansfield, Con., in August,
1784. His parents afterwards removed to New Haven, Yt.,
where he received his early education. He was graduated at
Middlebury College in 180S, with reputation, and immediately
elected a tutor in that Institution. Afterwards he pursued
his preparatory studies for the ministry at the Theological
Institution at Andover till March 12, 1812, when he was or-
dained Pastor of this church. In August of the same year, he
married Lucy, the second daughter and third child of Judge
Farrar, who was born Dec. 6, 17S9. Their children were,
1. Richard, b. July*l, 1S15, d. Dec. 31, 1815. 2. Richard,
b. Aug. 6, 1817, grad. Dart. Coll. 1S47, missionary in Mine-
sota. 3. Horace, b. April 6, 1819, grad. Dart. Coll. 1S39.
The following year he was Principal of the Academy at
Hampton, N. H., and in the fall of 1S40 he entered the Theo-
logical Seminary at Andover ; but in the ensuing spring ac-
cepted an invitation to take charge of the Academy at South
Berwick, where he died of typhus fever Feb. 27, 1S42. " His
standing and character in College, and his success as a teach-
er afterwards, gave sure indications of future eminence and
usefulness." a 4. William, b. March 11. 1S12, d. June 15,
1S45: interred here. 5. Lucy Farrar, b. Jan. 1, 1S23.
Mr. Hall was a man of decision and energy : his labors
were abundant and much blessed. b Possessed of a superior
intellect, and governed by a high sense of moral obligation, he
gave himself, with singleness and assiduity, to his ministry.
He cultivated his mind, and made it bear upon every depart-
ment of his office. He brought to his public performances
the matter of theology with great accuracy of language, pre-
cision of statement, power of argumentation, pertinency, force
and honesty of application. In ecclesiastical affairs he was
an able counsellor and a firm executor. He had influence
among his brethren and the churches of Christ. His opinions
contributed to give weisht to their deliberations and effect to
their decisions. The church under his care was almost con-
a Boston Recorder, 1842.
N. II. Repository. 1846; Boston Recorder, 1825.
32 FAMILY HISTORY.
stantly receiving accessions, and was among the foremost in
pions and benevolent exertions. During a period of unusual
religious excitement among his people, in the winter and spring
of 1S22, the excessive labors, induced by his desire to meet
the constantly increasing demands for the light and consola-
tions of the Gospel, broke down his vigorous constitution, and
his health utterly failed. A robust frame was suddenly struck
in a vital part. "While addressing an Ordaining Council at
Bradford, in May, he was seized with hemorrhage of the
lungs, which immediately terminated his active services as a
minister, and gradually wore out his life. Thus cut down in
the midst of his strength, for two years he languished under
the accumulating pain and debility of hopeless disease and
coming death, oppressed by the increasing wants of a helpless
family, (the oldest son passing from four towards seven years
of age,) but comforted and supported by the hopes of the Gos-
pel and the sympathies of individual Christian friends. The
gratitude, generosity and kindness of the people, in their cor-
porate capacity, could only be manifested by their corporate
acts, and of them their own records are the only appropriate
memorials, which, from a just regard to the delicacy and good
taste of theii successors, the present inhabitants, we will re-
frain from copying for the admiration of our readers.
In the last stages of his disease, by the assistance of a be-
loved brother, he was enabled to reach the home of his
youth, the quiet dwelling of his parents, at New Haven, Yt,
and there, on 13th day of July, 1824, he died in peace and
hope, — and there, in affliction and solitude, attended only by
strangers, the feeble • mother of his helpless children buried
him, and placed over his grave the only existing monument
to his memory. He was an able and faithful, and for the
length of his service, only ten years, one of the most success-
ful of Christian ministers.
His particular friend, classmate and room-mate, through
college and at the seminary, Rev. Joseph W. Clary, married
his wife's sister, Anna; and as their families have since become
one, the remnants of which are in New Ipswich, this seems to
be the place for some account of them.
FARRAR FAMILY. 33
Mr. Clary was "born at Rowe, Mass., Nov. 21, 1786. His
parents afterwards removed to Hartford, N. Y. He was or-
dained at Dover, May 6, 1S12, and married Sept. 1, 1S13.
His wife was born at New Ipswich Nov. 22, 1791, and died
at Dover, Feb. 15, 1825.° Children :
1. Joseph Ward, b. June 28, 1815. 2. Tdiothy Farrar,
b. April 24, 1817, grad. Dart. Coll. 1841 : minister Thetford,
Vt. 3. Edward Warren, b. Nov. 6, 1S19, m. Charlotte Rus-
sell, Aug. 17, 1847; d. at Holyoke June 16, 1S52, leaving a
daughter. 4. Anna Farrar, b. Feb. 6, 1S22. 5. William,
b. Jan. 1S24 ; d. Feb. 15, 1S26.
The surviving heads of these two families, Mr. Clary and
Mrs. Hall, intermarried June 6, 1826. In 1S28 he left Dover,
and was soon after settled at Cornish, where he died April 13,
1835. Their children are,
1. Eliza Farrar, b. at Dover, March 28, 1827: George, b.
at Cornish, April 23, 1829, grad. Dart. Coll. 1852!
For a particular account of his character and ministry, see
Rev. Dr. French's Sermon, delivered on occasion of his in-
terment at Dover. But the following proceedings are so just to
his memory, and so creditable to the affectionate kindness of
the good people of Dover, that we cannot withhold them from
"At a meeting of the First Church in Dover, N. H. Oct. IS,
1835, the following resolutions passed unanimously :
••Whereas the Rev. Joseph Ward Clary, lately deceased at
Cornish, N. H., was, for more than sixteen of the first years of
his ministry, the beloved Pastor of this Church, during which
time his home was with us, and with us rest the remains of
those of his family, who had departed before him — therefore
" Resolved, unanimously, by this Church, that we, as a
testimony of the affection and respect we cherish for his mem-
ory, will make application to the friends of the late Rev. Jo-
seph W. Clary, and to the proper authorities of the town of
Cornish, where his remains now lie, for permission to remove
his body to this town, to be buried by the side of his child, his
wife and her parent.
« Funeral Sermon, by Rev. F. Burt of Durham.
34 FAMILY HISTORY.
" Resolved, That brethren Asa Freeman, John Wheeler,
Jona. Young, Jona. W. Hayes, and Israel Estes, be a Commit-
tee to carry the above resolutions into effect, and that, if per-
mission be granted, at a proper time, they cause the body to
be removed to this town and buried, and such monument to
be erected at the expense of the Church, as they may judge
suitable and proper."
The resolutions were faithfully earried out by the commit-
tee on the 19th December following, including public funeral
services at the reinterment, and a sermon by Rev. Mr. French
of Northampton, which was published by them. In their let-
ter to Dr. French, requesting a copy for the press, they say :
' : Our wish is to preserve in the church, and to place in the
hands of the deceased's friends, the strikingly accurate por-
traiture of his character exhibited in your discourse. We are
the more solicitous for this, from the consideration that, owing
to the inclemency of the season, and the very limited notice
which could be given of its delivery, very many who would
have been desirous to attend, were deprived of the privilege of
hearing it from the pulpit."
The surviving widow, and such of the children as are occa-
sionally with her, are the only descendants of her father now
remaining in New Ipswich.
FARRAK FAMILY 35
Jacob Farrar, 6 eldest son of Jacob. 5 born Feb. 15, 1750,
married Elizabeth Haywood, who died May 15, 1796. They
lived at Concord, and he died March S, 1820, se. 70. Child-
ren : 1. Jacob, 7 born Nov. 6, 17S2, married Achsah Fisk ;
2. John, 7 born April 13, 1784, married Calle Stearns; 3. Bet-
sy, married Charles Meivin ; 4. Daniel, bom June 13, 1794,
died at St. Lonis. 1S33 : 5. Amos, born March 5. 1796. died
at Galena, 1833; 6. Silas, born March 5, 1796, married Anne
Gage, and died at Charlestown, leaving two daughters, Ann
Sdtox Farrar, 6 the 2d son of Oliver, 5 born, 1769, married
Mehi table Thompson of Temple, New Hampshire, 1793.
Children : 1. Mary, born 1795, married David Whiting, and
died, leaving two daughters ; 2. Abel, 7 born 1797, married
Hepsy Boynton, 1818; 3. Simon, 7 born Dec. 1799, married
Mary Fisk ; 4. Caroline, born 1801, died young.
Oliver Farrar, 6 the third son of Oliver, 5 born 1773, mar-
ried Mary Wheeler of Temple, 1795, settled in Weston, Yt.,
and died 1S3S, se. 65. Children: 1. Lucy, born Sept. 1796,
married Levi Adams, of Temple, 1819 ; 2. Maria, born 1797,
married Joshua B. Baldwin, of Weston, Vt. ; 3. Franklin,
born 1800, married Elizabeth Wiley ; 4. Mary, born 1S02,
married John Stewart, of Fairview, Pa. 1826 ; 5. Salome,
7 7 7 7
born 1804. married 1st, Jacob Morgan, 2d. Winslow Wrisht ;
6. Mary, born 1806, married Dr. Ira Barton, of Waterford,
Pa.; 7. Nancy, born* 1808, married Dr. Leonard Barton, of
Waterford, Pa" 1831 ; 8. Abijah Wheeler, 7 born Nov. 17, 1S10,
married Fiducia Ballon : 9. Oliver, born 1812, lives at West-
on, Yt. ; 10. Andrew Jackson, born 1815, married Mary -Miller,
lives at Waterford, Pa. ; 11. Caroline, born 1816, died 1835 ;
12. Alonzo, 7 born Feb. 13, 1S19, married Abby Maria Knowl-
ton; 13. Fernando Freeman, born Aug. 1821, married Sally
Maria Warner, 1846, lives at Waterford, Pa.
Ezra Farrar, 6 son of Benjamin, 5 born 176S, married Chloe
Taft, 1796, lived in Upton, where he was Coroner, in 1808.
He afterwards kept a public house in Watertown, where he
died 1845, se. 77. Children : 1. Benjamin Franklin, 7 born
36 FAMILY HISTORY.
Dec. 20, 1797, married Mary Ann Wheeler: 2. Otis Chand-
ler, 7 born Dec. 15, 1799, married Hay ward ; 3. Clotilda,
born July 7, 1S02, married Simeon Holbrook, and died 1840 ;
4. Jefferson Clinton, born Aug. 4, 1804, married* Zebia Gore,
and died leaving son of the same name ; 5. Jarvis Gordon, born
Oct. 26, 1S05, in California ; 6. Granville Pitt, born May
16, 1808, married, and lives in Northbridge; 7. Diana, born
Aug. 3, 1811, married Henry Walker, 1843.
Phinehas Farrar, 6 eldest son of Josiah, 5 born Aug. 20, 1247,
married Lovina Warren of Marlborough, Mass., who died Feb.
17, 1845. He died at Marlborough, New Hampshire, April
1, 1841, se. 94. A short time before his death he performed a
journey to New Ipswich, to visit his venerable kinsman there,
who was two months older than himself. Children: 1. Phine-
has, 7 born Nov. 12, 1771, married Abigail Stone ; 2. John, 7
born Aug. 24, 1773, married Cynthia Stone : 3. Betsy, born
Jan. 18, 1776, married Elijah Frost, May 1794, and died 1830 ;
4. Calvin, 7 born Jan. 1778, married Bethsheba Burt Bates ;
5. Luther, married Mercy Whiting of New Ipswich, and died
at Norway, Me. March 1812; 6. Josiah, born April, 1780 y
married Betsy Prince of Waterford, Me. May 1827, and died
there leaving a daughter: 7. William 7 , born Oct. 21, 1782,
married Nancy Whitcomb ; 8. Daniel Warren 7 , born Feb. 25,
1786, married Eliza Wright : 9. David, born July 5, 1788,
died at Waterford, Me. May 1817 j 10. Nancy, bom March
16, 1792, died May 14, 1795 ; 11. James, 7 born 1794, married
Zebediah Farrar, 6 the second son of Daniel, 5 born May 9,
1751, married 1st Catherine More of Sudbury, July 11, 1771 ;
2d, Eunice Sherman, Sept. 21, 1780, lived in Lincoln, where
he died Feb. 1822. Children: 1. Eliab, born June 13, 1773,
went to Ohio in ISIS : 2. Josiah, born Feb. 19, 1777, married
• and died in New York ; 3. Polly, born 1799, married
Harrington, and lives in Billerica ; 4. Zebediah, born 1781,
went into the army ; 5. Patty, born 1783, married White ;
6. Nahum, born 1786. died at Hopkinton, 1820 ; 7. Daniel, 7
born May 16, 178S, married Martha Dix.
George Farrar, 6 the 4th son of Daniel, 5 born Feb. 1, 1760,
married Bruce, of Sudbury, lived at Troy, New Hamp-
FARRAR FAMILY. 37
shire, where he died about 1S20. Children : 1. Stephen, died ;
2. Sally, died : 3. George.
Nehemiah Farrar, 6 the 5th son of Daniel, 5 born Nov. 19,
1763, married Ruth Simonds of Boston, 1788, lived in Lin-
coln, where he died, 1808. Children : 1. Catherine, born
Feb. 6. 1789, married Saml. Stratton, Dec. 5, 1809 ; 2. Sally,
born Feb. 21. 1791, died Oct. 11, 1806 ; 3. Sophia, born Jan.
23, 1794, died April, 1S33 : 4. Harriet, born Nov. 8, 1796,
married Enoch S. Dillaway of Boston : 5. Mary, born Jan.
24, 1799, married Bartholomew Jones, March 4, 1S17, and
died, 1843; 6. Andrew, 7 born March 6, 1801, married — -
Cutter, died at Cincinnati, leaving son John, 8 born 1835 ; 7.
Ruth, born Sept. 26, 1803, married Edward W. Harrington,
Oct. 20, 1832, who died 1844, leaving two sons.
James Farrar, 6 the 7th son of Daniel, 5 born Nov. 30, 1767,
married Elizabeth Barnes of Wells, Me. 1793, lived in Boston,
of the house of French & Farrar, and died July 14, 1S20, as.
53. Children: 1. Elizabeth, born April 29, 1794, married
Wm. \Y. Bradford, and died April 25, 1832 ; 2, Susan, born
June 1, 1796, married Jannette Holbrook, and lives in Rox-
bury ; 3. Lucina, born June 17, 1798, married Jacob Lufkin,
and died April 21, 1851; 4. Harriet, born May 15, 1800, died
July 15, 1810 ; 5. James. 7 born Jan. 20, 1802, married Louisa
Gary, and died Feb. 2, 1829 ; 6. Mary Ann, born Dec. 24,
1S03, married Benjamin Copeland : 7. Daniel, 7 born Dec. 26,
1805, married Francis Fisher.
Joseph Farrar, 6 the 2d son of Humphrey, 9 born Feb. 24,
1775, grad. Dart. 1794, married Mehitable Dana, settled at
Chelsea. Yt. as a Lawyer, removed to YYolfborough, New
Hampshire, where she died, 1850. He died in New York, at
the house of his son, George B. Farrar, Feb. 1851. Children :
1. Sarah Caldwell, born March 3, 1801, married Daniel Pick-
ering. June 26, 1821, had daughter, Caroline Dana, born Aug.
10, 1824, who married Charles Rollins of Boston, Jan. 11,
184S; 2.'josiah Dana Humphrey, 7 born Nov. 25, 1803, mar-
Eliza Dorsey; 3. George Bridgham, 7 born Aug. 31, 1807,
marrid Susan Maria Dow.
George Farrar, 6 the 4th son of Humphrey, 5 born Oct. 6,
1778, graduated Dartmouth, 1800, married 1st, Sarah Prentice,
38 FAMILY HISTORY.
daughter of Hon. John Prentice, of Derry, 18 ,
who died 1821, ; 2d, Hannah Crocker, 1824.
He settled as a Physisian early in Derry, where he has always
resided. Children: 1. Annette Lemmon, born Oct. 1814, mar-
ried Rev. Ceorge W. Woodward, 1836, graduated Dartmouth,
1831 : 2. John Prentice, 7 born June 1816, married Sarah Cur-
tis, June 1850 : 3. Lucy Ellen, born Jan. 31, 1818 ; 4. William
Henry/ born Feb. 24, 1820, married Laura, C. Jones, July 4,
William Farrar, 6 the 5th son of Humphrey, 5 born Sept. 13,
1780, grad. Dart., 1801, m. 1st, Margaret Kibbe, Dec. 9, 1811,
who d. Oct. 2, 1822; m. 2d, Tryphena Burgin, Aug. 20, 1823,
who d. Oct. 26, 1850. He settled as a lawyer in Lancas-
ter, N. H., where he sustained a good professional and Chris-
tian reputation, till his death in March 3, 1850. Children : 1.
William Humphry, born Nov. 20, 1824 : 2. George, born May
11, 1826, died Nov. 17, 1847 ; 3. Henry, born Nov. 26, 1831,
grad. at Bowdoin College.
James Farrar, 6 the second son of Dea. Samuel, 5 born Oct.
12, 1776, married 1st, Nancy Barrett of Concord, Jan. 16,
1806, who died Dec. 7, 1810 ; 2d. Mary Fisk Hoar of Lin-
coln, Feb. 20, 1812, who died May 1813 ; 3d. Dorcas Chapin
of Somers, Connecticut, Jan. 16, 1815. He succeeded his fa-
ther, as Captain in the Militia, deacon in the Church, and
owner of the Ancestral Estate, in Lincoln, where he and his
wife live, with their children, and grand-children. Children :
1. Samuel, born 1816, died in 1838; 2. George, born J818,
graduated Amherst, 1839, and at Harvard Law 7 School, 1844,
married Julia Carlton, 1848, settled as a lawyer, in Charles-
town, and died of Consumption, in Aiken, South Carolina, Jan.
18. 1851, se. 32. He is interred in Mount Auburn ; 3. James, 7
born 1820, married Adaline Hyde, 1845, lives on the Home-
stead Farm, in Lincoln, with children ; 4. John, 7 born 1S22,
married Elizabeth D. French of Northampton, New Hamp-
shire, and lives with his family on a part of the original farm
of George. 3
Stephen Farrar, 6 eldest son of Rev. Stephen, 5 born Aug
!?. 1?(h'). married Nancy Morse, Oct. 11, 171)5. lived in Gro-
toii. and died in New [pswich, Oct. )4. 1829. Children: Is
FARRAR FAMILY. 39
Louisa. 7 born 1797. married Daniel Smitli. IS 15. and has three
sons, Daniel, 8 John, 8 and Leonard, 8 the first of whom is mar-
ried, and has children, being the 9th Generation; 2. Ann.
born April, 1800 ; 3. Laura, 7 bom Nov. 24, 1802, married Ja-
bez Pratt. Sept. 23, 1826, Coroner of Suffolk, lives in Boston,
and has two sons. George Washington, 8 born March 10, 1&23,
and Joseph Warren, 8 born Nov. 11, 1829; 4. Mary Ann. born
March 2, 1804, married John Higgins: 5. Stephen Franklin,
born 1806, married Catherine Jones ; 6. John Morse, born
181-5 ; 7. George, born 1817, graduated Weslean L 'niversiiy,
1849; 8. Prentice, born 1819, died 1820.
Isaac Brown Farrar, 6 the third son of Rev. Stephen, 5 born
March 27. 1771. married Anna, daughter of Dr. Ebenezer,
Lawrence, of Pepperell. lived in New Ipswich, merchant, Inn-
holder, and Militia Oflicer, removed to Fairfax, Vt., where he
died 1838, leaving a large family, among whom are : 1. Eben-
ezer Lawrence, married, lives in Burlington. Vt. ; 2. Stephen,
married Anna Muzzy, his cousin ; 3. Ephraim Hartwell, grad-
uated Midd. 1831 ; 4. Isaac, married Eveline Farrar of Mid-
Samuel Farrar, 5 the 4th son of Rev. Stephen, 5 bom June
30, 1772, graduated Harvard, 1793, married Deming, and
lived in or near Fairfax, Yt., where he died 1846, leaving a
Caleb Farrar, 6 the 7th son of Rev. Stephen, 5 born June
1780, married Sarah Parker of New Ipswich, March 15, 1801.
and lives at Middlcbury, Yt. Children : 1. Eveline, married
her cousin Isaac Farrar of Fairfax ; 2. Clarissa, married Daniel
West of New Haven, Ct. : 3. Henry B. lives in North
Carolina; 4. Martha, married Philander Hathaway : 5. George,
lives in Manchester, New Hampshire, trader. House of Far-
rar & Hathaway.
Timothy Fabbab, 6 only son of Timothy. 5 born March 17,
1788, graduated Dartmouth, 1807, married Sept. 14, 1S17,
Sarah Adams of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, born May 22,
1789, and lives in Boston. Children : 1. Anna Bancroft, born
May 20, 1819, married Jan. 25, 1812, Edward Crane, born
Dec. 14, 1816, lives in Boston. Their children : Timothy Far-
rap, born Feb. 8, 1843; Mary Orpah, born Oct. 27. 1844; Ed*
40 FAMILY HISTORY.
ward Barrows, born May 8, 1819 ; 2. Sarah Elizabeth, born
Sept 5, 1820. married May 16, 1848, William Craige Burke,
M. D., of New York, born 1S12, graduated Dartmouth, 1833.
Their son William Craige, born Oct. 13, 1851.
Jacob Farrar, 7 eldest son of Jacob, 5 born Nov. 6, 1782, m.
Achsah Fisk. dan. of Rev. Abel Fisk, of Wilton, N. H., Dec.
10, 1810, lived in Worcester, and died Dec. 23, 1837, aged 55.
Children: 1. Abel Fisk, 8 born June 20, 1812, married Erne-
line Rice : 2. Eliza Ann, born May 6, 1814, married Isaac M.
Barrett : 3. Allethia Fisk, born Feb. 19, 1S16, married Elisha
W. Bourne; 4. Jacob Hamilton, born Dec. 1, 1S19, married
Ruth Tyler, and lives in Boston.
John Farrar, 7 the 2d son of Jacob, 6 born April 15, 1784,
married Colle Stearns, Dec. 20, 1810, and died March 26,
1S43. Children: 1. Eliza Caroline, born Oct. 21, 1814, mar-
ried Oliver Brooks, June 25, 1835 ; 2. George, born Oct. 3,
1813, married Sophronia M. George, June 5, 1838 : 3. Char-
lotte, born Nov. 27, 1816, married Henry Tuckerman, April
19, 1S40; 4. Roxana, born April 18, 1821, married Abraham
Bowden, Aug. 21, 1S42 ; 5. Maria, born Sept. 16, 1823, mar-
ried Ezekiel Bartlett, Aug. 28, 1845 ; 6. Susan, born June 24j
1826, married Eliphalet S. Wood, Sept. 20, 1846; 7. Lydia>
born Sept. 28, 1828 : 8. Colle, born Oct. 8, 1S30.
Abel Farrar, 7 eldest son of Simon, 6 born 1797. married
Hepsy Boynton, 1S18. Their Children : 1. Caroline, born
1819: 2. Mary, born 1822. married Oribah Whiting of Tem-
ple : 3. Bernard, born 1824, married Mary Spaulding of Tern
pie, 1848; 4. Elizabeth, born 1826, married Blodget of
Boston, 1817: 5. David, born 1828: 6. George, born 1830.
Simon Farrar, 7 the 2d son of Simon, 6 born Dec. 1799, mar-
ried Mary Fisk of New Ipswich, March, 1828, and lives in
New York. Children: 1. George Clinton, born Dec. 1828,
grad. Columbia College, 1849, married Ann Eliza Bloodgood
of New York. 1851 ; 2. Marv Caroline, born 1838 ; 3. Wil-
ham Henry, born 1840.
Abijah Wheeler Farrar, 7 the 2d son of Oliver, 6 born Nov.
17. 1810, married Fiducia Ballon, 1838, lives in Boston, mer-
FARRAR FAMILY. 11
chant, house of Dana, Farrar & Hyde. Children: 1. Oliver
Wheeler, bora May 26, 1839; 2. Fiducia Ballon, born Feb.
18, 1843; 3. Alice Wright, bom Feb. 18, 1816; 4. ,
bora May 15, 1848, died May 19, 1848; 5. Frank Waldo,
bora Feb. 2, 1852.
Alonzo Farrar, 7 the 5th son of Oliver, 6 born Feb. 13, 1S19,
married July 28, 1846, Abby Maria Knowlton, born Feb. 7,
1S24, and lives in Boston. Son, Alonzo Knowlton, born Aug.
25, 1848, died Sept. 15, 1848.
Benjamin Franklin Farrar, 7 eldest son of Ezra, 6 born Dec.
20, 1797, married Mary Ann Wheeler. March 19, 1828, and
lives in Watertown. Children: 1. Eveline Augusta, bora
1834 : 2. Mary Arathusa, born Aug. 12, 1836.
Otis Chandler Farrar, 7 the 2d son of Ezra, 6 born Dec. 15,
1799, married Hay ward, and lives in Boston. They
have among other children — son, Ezra Oscar, 8 married and
living in Boston, having children, being of the ninth genera-
Phinehas Farrar, 7 eldest son of Phinehas, 6 born Nov. 12,
1771, married Abigail Stone of Marlborough, N. H., May 17,
1794. Children : 1. Cynthia, born April 20, 1795, missionary
at Bombay : 2. Charles, 8 bora Nov. 16. 1796, married Dorcas
Coolidge: 3. Nancy, born Oct. 20, 1798, married Asa Hol-
man, July 1817 ; 4. Philinda, bora Feb. 24. 1801. married
George H. Lane, April 4, 1820, lives in Boston; 5. Elizabeth,
born Nov. 12, 1S02 ; 6. Edmund, bora Nov. 16, 1S04, married
Harriet Ann Kachadelle of Columbia, Tenn., in which State
they reside with their children : 7. Ruth, born Aug. S, 1807,
married Minot Lane, and lives at Detroit : 8. Minot, born
Sept 22, 1S10, married Mabel Barnes, and lives at Marlbo-
rough: 9. Caroline, born March 21, 1S13, died Dec. 17, 1834;
10. Luther Whitman, born Sept. 14, 1817.
John Farrar, 7 the 2d son of Phinehas, 6 born Aug. 24, 1773,
married, 1st, Cynthia Stone, 1796, who died 1830, and 2d,
. Children: 1. Luther: 2. Calvin: 3. Nancy;
4. Betsy; 5. Bulah: 6. George.
Calvin Farrar, 7 the 3d son of Phinehas, 6 born Jan. 177S,
mar. Bathsheba Burt Bates of Brimfield, lived in Waterford,
Me., and died Feb. 9, 1819. Children : 1. Caroline Eliza, bora
42 FAMILY HISTORY.
1804, married Levi Brown of Waterford ; 2. Nancy Warren,
born 1306, married John C. Gerry, and died 1836 ; 3. Maria
Antonette, born 1808, married Rowland Gerry, both dead;
4. Luther, born 1810, grad. Bowdoin, 1834, died in Cuba ;
5. Calvin, born 1812, grad. Bowdoin, 1834, lives at Portland;
6. Hellen, (formerly Mary) born 1818, married Charles Fox
Eastman, lives in Waltham; 7. David, born July 22, 1S20,
lives in Boston.
William Farrar, 7 the 6th son of Phinehas, 6 born Oct. 21,
1782, married, 1814, Nancy Whiteomb of Marlborough, N. H.
Children : 1. Eliza, born December 12, 1815, died Sept. 29,
1846 ; 2. Alonzo, born Aug. 6, 1818, married Bailey of
Jaffrey : 3. Arviila, born June 7, 1S20, married Charles Ryan,
May 25, 1848; 4. William, born March 14, 1822; 5. Calvin,
born March 21, 1824, married Attossey F. Gilbert, May 1,
1849; 6. Maria, born Sept. 3, 1828; 7. Edwin, born Sept.
Daniel Warren Farrar, 7 the 7th son of Phinehas, 6 born
Feb. 25, 1786, married, 1st, Eliza Wright, May 24, 1812, who
died April 15, 1814 ; 2d, Betsy Griffin, Aug. 17, 1815. Col.
Farrar lives in Troy, N. H., has sustained many public offices,
both civil and military, and is much esteemed by his fellow
citizens. Children : 1. David Warren, 8 born Jan. 30, 1817,
married Hannah Wheeler ; 2. Eliza Wright, born Sept. 26,
1818, married Rev. Alfred Stevens, Aug. 17, and died Dec. 8,
1844: 3. Helen Maria, born June 15, 1820, married Rev. A.
Jenkins, June 7, 1848, and died May 22, 1851; 4. Edward,
born Nov. 14, 1S22, graduated at Harvard Law School 1847,
lives at Keene: 5. Sarah, born Sept. 28, 1821, died March
27, 1838; 6. Daniel, born May 29, 1836.
James Farrar, 7 the 9th son of Phinehas, 6 born 1794, mar-
ried, 1st, Roxana Frost, Feb. 22, 1S16. who died Nov. 6, 1845;
2d, Loa Noyes, June 3, 1846. Children : 1. Nancy, born
July 29, 1817, died June 5, 1840; 2. Harriet, born Nov. 18,
1818, married Henry T. Wiswell, Jan. 2, 1840, died Oct. 26,
1841 ; 3. Caroline, born April 13, 1820, died Dec. 12, 1825 ;
4. Orinda, born April 22, 1822, died July 4, 1840; 5. Warren^
born Dec. 26, 1823; 6. Sumner, born March 6, 1826; 7. Elvi-
ra, born Nov. 22, 1S27, married Albert S. Whiteomb, May 25.
FARRAR FAMILY. 43
1S46. died Dec. 16, 1847: S. Cynthia Stone, born Sept. 29,
1829 : 9. Miran W., born Feb. 9, 1832, died May 10, 1833 ;
10. Emily P., born June 2 i, 1833 : 11. Caroline Attossey. born
July 19, 1835; 12. Mindt, ,bom Oct. 29, 1837; 13. Francis
Morrill, bora Nov. 20, 1842.
Daniel Farkak. 7 youngest son of Zebediah, 6 born May 10.
1788, married, 1st, Martha Dix : 2d, Mary Farwell, and lives
in Waltham. Son. George, 8 born 1S14, married ,
and died 1839. leaving a son Georse Augustus, 9 born Dec. 1,
James Farrar, 7 eldest son of James. 6 born Jan. 20, 1802,
married Louisa Cary, and died Feb. 20, 1S29, leaving son
James. s born Aug. 5, 1823. married Mary M. Wyman.
Daniel Farrar. 7 youngest son of .lames. 6 born Dec. 26,
1805, married Francis Fisher, Oct. 13. 1831, lives in Boston,
merchant, house of Farrar. Richards & Co. Children: 1.
George Edward, s born Aug. 1, 1832: 2. William Henry, born
Jan. 2. 1S34. died Jan. 6, 1834; 3. Sarah Elizabeth Richards,
born March 11. 1836: 4. Mary Frances, born June 5. 1839,
died June 21, 1840; 5. Alary Frances, born May 28, 1S41,
died Jan. 22, 1842 ; 6. Daniel Foster, born Dec. 26. 1842 ;
7. Louisa Thompson, born July 10, 1849, died Aug. 15, 1S50.
Josiah Dana Humphrey Farrar, 7 eldest son of Joseph, 6 born
Nov. 25, 1S03, married Eliza Dorsey, then widow Morris,
settled in Ohio. Children: 1. Martha Dana, born 1836: 2.
Ellen Augusta, born 1838: 3. George Dorsey, born 1840;
4. Sarah Caroline, born 18 16.
George Brigham Farrar. 7 the 2d and youngest son of Jo-
seph. 6 married, 1st, Susan Maria Dow, 1830, who died Dec.
3.1841; 2d, Margaret Ann Krpp, of New York, 1847. and
lives in New York, bavins: one son, George Dow. born April
John Prentice Farrar, 7 eldest son of Dr. George, born
Jan. 1816, married Sarah Curtis of New York, Jan. 1850,
lives in New York. Children : 1. Jesse, (dan.) born April,
William Henry Farrar, 7 2d son of Dr. George, born Feb.
24, 1820, married Laura C. Jones of Florida, July 4, 1S43,
lives in Boston, merchant. Children : 1. Laura Prentice, born
March 24, 1S45 : 2. George William, born Nov. 18, 1847.
I [ FAMILY HISTORY.
James Farrau. 7 the 3d son of Dea. James. born 1820. mar-
ried Adeline Hyde. 1845, lives on the original estate of
George. 3 Children: 1. George, born 1849 ; 2. Samuel, bom
John Farrar. 7 the 4th son of Dea. James. fj born 1822, mar-
ried his cousin Elizabeth D. French of Northampton. N. H.,
Dot. 25. 1848. and lives on apart of the original homestead
of George. 3 in Lincoln. Their daughter Julia Carleton, born
Jan. 22, 1851.
Eighth Get? eration .
Abel Fisk Farrar. 5 eldest son of Jacob, 7 born June 20 r
1812, married Emeline Rice, Nov. 10, 183(5, lives in Boston.
Children: 1. Arthur, 9 born Dec. 3, 1837: 2. Emeline, born
July 25, 1839: 3. Oscar, born March 23, 1841; 4. Walter, 9
born Nov. 29, 1843, died Sept. 23, 1849 ; 5. Fisk, 9 born Jan.
9, 1848: 6. Jacob Hamilton, 9 born July 12, 1849.
Charles Farrar, 8 eldest son of Phinehas, 7 born Nov. 16,
1796, married Dorcas Coolidge, March 11, 1822, lives in
Romeo, Mich. Children: 1. Merrill, 9 born May 19, 1823;
2. Charles C., 9 born Oct. 19, 1825 ; 3. Cyrus, 9 born Oct. 26,
David Warren Farrar,- eldest son of Col. Daniel, 7 born Jan.
30, 1817, married Hannah Wheeler, 1812. Children: 1. Henry
Warren, 9 born 1844 : 2. Charles David. 9 born 1848.
James Farrar, 8 only son of James. 7 born Aug. 5, 1823,
married Mary M. Wyman of Lexington, Nov. 7, 1847, and
lives in Maiden. Children: 1. Mary Louisa, born Oct 6,
1818: 2. James," born Nov. 8, 1850.
FARRAR FAMILY. 45
To be inserted in the middle of the 27th page, after the paragraph ending with
the words " like Judge Farrar."
The Hon. Charles H. Atherton, also formerly a member of
Congress from the Hilsborongh District, after having been for
twenty years, a leading practitioner in his court, and familiar
with other courts for twice that length of time, thus writes
concerning Judge Farrar. only a few weeks before his own
decease. "He was one of the best Judges, that ever adorned
a judicial seat in New Hampshire. After hearing the argu-
ments on evidence or law, no man's opinion was more relia-
ble, or gave greater satisfaction. Nature had blessed him with
a highly judicial apprehension, and no judge, with whom I
have been acquainted, in my long life, ever had more of my
affection, confidence, and respect." Similar opinions, and
expressions of personal regard might be multiplied from Jere-
miah Smith, Jeremiah Mason, and other distinguished cotem-
poraries of the New Hampshire Court and Bar.
Page 2 7 , 2d line from bottom, for " Charles. Samuel," read Charles Samuel.
Page 20, 6th line from top, for 1787, read 1767.
Page 28, 15th line from top, for affectionate, read afflicted.
The quotation from " Loring's Boston Orator," should end with the first para-
graph on page 27.
e o s t o n :
Printed for private distribution at the Press of
15 5 3.
THE NEW Y
PUBLIC L :iY
c^?-i _ (f/^ Cf/m^gi/v
HONORABLE OLD AGE
OCCASIONED BY THE CENTENNIAL ANNIVERSARY
HON. TIMOTHY FARRAR, LL. D.
DELIVERED AT HOLLIS, N. H.,
JULY 11), 13437..
■* , >
BY 3 ' » - '
TIMOTHY FARRAE (?J;ARY. • •
^rfntefc bj 3*eq
PRINTED BY WILLIAM H. WARDWELL.
PROVERBS 16: .31.
The hoary head is a crow.v of glory, if it be found in the "way
Time imparts a hallowed interest to whatever
has lono; withstood its slow dissolving touch. It
invests with sacredness the relic which has sur-
vived the wreck of ages, and stamps the seal of a
peculiar honor on the virtue it has tested.
With slow and solemn step we walk the clois-
tered aisle of the deserted temple, once crowded
with worshippers, the living men of a nation long
since expired. Its mutilated walls, its broken pil-
lars, its crumbling arches, its forsaken altars, its
vacant niches, its fallen statues of the mighty dead,
its scattered fragments and moulderino; ruins, are
the authentic history of centuries far remote. We
delight to linger in thoughtful silence amid the
venerable ruins. They speak to us with solemn
pathos of the past. Let not profane lips disturb the
silent eloquence of their decaying splendor. The
living spirit of buried centuries is there communing
with our own. We hear a voice within saying
put thy shoes from off thy feet, for thou art tread-
ing upon the consecrated dust of a nation's sepul-
With similar emotions we behold the mighty
cataract, and listen to the thunder of its roar, for it
carries us far back into the solitude of ages, when
no voice but its own broke the eternal silence,
when no eye but that of the All-seeing beheld its
massive torrent and the arching of its rainbows.
The same feeling arises when we survey the rocky
mountain-head, upon which " eternity hath snowed
This emotion, which scenes like these uniformly
inspire, indicates the existence of an original ele-
ment of the mind, from which it springs. It teaches
us that a regard for antiquity is a constituent prin-
ciple of our nature. The most acute analysis can
resolve this principle into nothing more ultimate.
The emotion is well defined, and clearly distin-
guished from those other sentiments of grandeur,
and beauty, and honor, with which it is usually
connected. It is called into existence alike by the
worthless relic and the magnificent ruin, by the
rude moss-covered monument and the splendid
mausoleum, by the vestiges of man embedded in
the mountain-rock and the exhumed temples of
Herculaneum. Upon the relic, which forms a con-
necting link between remote ages and the present
moment, time has cast an enchantment. Take
away the other qualities which give interest to ex-
ternal objects, which dignify the character and add
lustre to the achievements of men, antiquity alone
remaining, they still excite onr veneration. It is
not superstition which leads ns to revere the insti-
tutions of onr fathers, to venerate whatever time has
thrown its mantle upon and honored with its sanc-
tions. In doing this, we but yield obedience to a
primary law of our being.
The same principle lies at the foundation of that
honor which all nations have bestowed upon the
man of reverend age. Culture has not engrafted
this sentiment upon the original stock of the sensi-
bilities, anticipating as it were the beauty and rich-
ness of its fruit. The unwritten law of conven-
tional propriety did not prescribe it, as conducive to
the order of society and the happiness of man. Nor
was the law of its requisition written by the finger
of God merely upon tables of stone. It was en-
graven in living characters upon the human soul.
The value of the principle appears from the fact
that it was combined with those elements which
constitute man the image of God. Therefore it is,
that we feel a strong repugnance to ohe who is
wanting in the quality of respect for old age. Be-
cause this is an essential element of humanity, he
seems misshapen, distorted, somewhat monstrous.
He is something less than man, and more to be
despised than any man, who can treat rudely, or
with cold neglect, one who is bending beneath the
honors, as well as the infirmities of age. Intelli-
gence, wisdom, justice, and veracity always com-
mand the respect of mankind; but when these
qualities are confirmed, expanded, and attempered
by old age, they demand the higher sentiment of
The principle we have asserted is, that old age,
as such, by a law of our nature, is entitled to a pe-
culiar regard ; but when united with righteousness,
it constitutes a crown of glory to be revered. The
text recognizes this principle. For there is no age
in the life of man which religion does not honor
and adorn. It throws a radiance upon the open
brow of childhood, adds lustre to its bright eye, and
beauty to its innocent sportiveness. It checks not
the free spirit and elastic energy of youth, but im-
parts a chastened gaiety, a thoughtful confidence,
and paints before its longing eye visions of a better
hope. Religion bestows honor upon manhood,
giving a proper control to its strong arm, its vigo-
rous intellect, its earnest heart, and determined will.
But to the hoary head it is a crown of glory. It
wreaths a garland of beauty around the temples of
childhood, encircles the brow of youth with orna-
ments of grace, covers manhood with a mitre of
dignity and honor, but upon the head of venerable
age it composes a more excellent adorning, even a
crown of glory.
We are led this morning to reflect upon old age,
a period of life in which we cannot fail to be in-
terested. The principle we have considered forms
the ground of that interest which we cannot but
feel in the man who has passed his threescore years
and ten, which the decree of Heaven has fixed as
the limit of human life. Interesting old age ! Be-
hold the " old man covered with a mantle !" He
has " come down to us from a former generation."
He may be the representative of three generations
of men. 2 * Then since he became a living soul, three
times has earth been repeopled, and as often have
its myriads fallen into the bed of dust. He has
stood by the tomb of the universe, and while its
unnumbered inhabitants have marched in long pro-
cession — an awful pomp — three times has he seen
a last rank step into the abode of silence. Three
armies of living men have the world's popula-
tion successively become; with sure and rapid
strokes death has cut them down, and swept the
entire mass into a common grave, while he alone
survives unscarred. He stands like the solitary oak
* Note A.
in the midst of the plain ; three forests have been
felled around it ; the storms of an hundred years
have beaten upon it, and the lightnings of heaven
played around it ; yet it stands unscathed, sound at
the heart, and the fresh foliage adorning its rigid
limbs. The snows of an hundred winters may have
whitened the locks of the venerable man. A cen-
tury may have ploughed furrows in the brow, which
it has not mouldered back to dust ; it may have
dimmed the lustre of the eye, which it has not
availed to seal in death, It may, it must have im-
paired the outward frame, but it has left a vigorous
heart beating within, the life-blood coursing freely
through the veins, and the living, conscious spirit
in possession of its throne.
Look upon the two extremes of such an age,
and mark the space between them. What mighty
changes has earth undergone ! Nations have sprung
into being ; thrones have crumbled into dust, and
the requiem of empires has been sung. Revolution
upon revolution has rolled its mighty billows over
the face of the earth. Kingdoms have become deso-
late, and the wilderness populous with far-spreading
tribes of men. What marshalling of forces ; what
marches and countermarches ; what perpetual an-
tagonism ; what running to and fro among the busy
inhabitants of earth ! In the moral world what
changes has so long a period wrought ! New insti-
tuitions have supplanted old. Society has been cast,
and recast in new and still newer forms. Strong
minds and stout hearts have rushed into the field of
conflict where truth was the prize of victory. Er-
ror, assuming new and still newer forms, retreating
and still retreating, has been driven from successive
hiding-places, and progress, in every department of
life, has marked the lapse of an hundred years.
Through all that mighty space, the aged man has
passed. His ear still open, distinctly heard the
solemn tone, when the last hour of that expiring
century was struck by the horologe of time.
What a volume would the minute history of such
a life compose ; the accumulated thought and ac-
tion of the mind ; all the yearnings and anguish,
the intense and gentler vibrations of the spirit ! He
has passed through all the stages of human life. It
has no apartment into which he has not entered ;
no sanctuary into which he has not gained admit-
tance ; no secluded recess, of darkness or of light,
which his eye has not pierced. To him it has no
secrets of hope or of fear, of joy or of sorrow, that
have not been revealed. He has made thorough
trial of it, and knows the very substance out of
which the fabric of life is wrought. Its mingled cup
of bitter and of sweet he has drank to the very dregs.
He has struggled through all its conflicts, encoun-
tered all its storms,~and now in gentle repose, with
the wisdom of experience, and a nature fitted for
the change which awaits it, he stands upon the
outmost verge of time, while the waves of eternity
are breaking at his feet.
We do well to cherish and cultivate respect for
old age. The position it occupies, its relation to the
past and the future, to time and to eternity, to man
and to God, invest it with interesting claims upon
our attention. With profit will we carefully study
its time-worn pages, and pluck the fruit of wisdom
from the brow of age, and let its gray mantle fall
upon the more gay attire of manhood and of youth.
Well may we at times yield up our too thoughtless
hearts to the full influence of those serious im-
pressions which it is fitted to make. Old age has
interest to us because of the possibility that we our-
selves may attain it. Who is there, that does not
cherish the patriarchal desire, that he may be gath-
ered to his fathers in a good old age, an old man
and full of years? that his hoary head may be a
crown of glory ? Our theme, then, is honorable old
age ; what such an age is ; how it is attained ;
what are its results. — What constitutes an hon-
orable old age ?
The first thing we shall notice as implied in this
description is the activity of the bodily powers. The
casement of the soul must remain unbroken.^ The
* Note B.
outward man must perform all its appropriate func-
tions, and administer to the happiness of the spirit
within. Every talent and possession has a value of
its own, and is entitled to an appropriate regard.
The aged man, " whose eye is not dim nor his natu-
ral force abated," we view as an object of curiosity
and admiration. We honor one who has been able
to keep the complicated machine of the human
frame, " fearfully and wonderfully made," in strong
and orderly movement so long. Now it is not im-
plied that the decay, or loss of the bodily faculties
argues any moral defect, or occasions dishonor. It
may be so, or it may not. The cause of the priva-
tion, or premature decay will determine this. In-
fancy may inherit the seeds of disease, which shall
speedily germinate, and bring forth the fruit of
death, or allow only a protracted life of infirmity
and pain. The providence of God may seal up
the eye in eternal night, and close the ear forever
to the music of speech. Causes beyond human
control may distort the frame, disable the limbs,
and leave the outward man a useless and miser-
able wreck. This condition of old age demands
compassion ; and woe betide the man, who leaves
to suffering and want that helplessness, which filial
piety, or humane regard, requires him to cherish
Although physical defect may be the misfortune
of old age, and reflect no dishonor upon it, yet
when we see the man of extreme years, with the
glow of health upon his cheek, with form erect,
with firmness of step and facility of movement, it
always indicates the existence of virtues which we
do well to honor and emulate. The erect form
suggests that he is in other senses upright, that he
has some of the qualities of a true man. Our life
and health, the vigor of our faculties, bodily and
mental, are under our control to a far greater extent
than we are apt to suppose. Look upon the man
of an hundred years, embarrassed with no infirmi-
ties except those which time has wrought, stealing
upon him by slow and imperceptible approaches,
and fighting every inch against a strong tenacity of
life ; and be assured he has economised, and spent
with a frugal hand, that measure of vitality which
Heaven has graciously allowed him.
Viewing a life equal in duration to three of the
ordinary lives of men, we feel that temperance is no
cowardly, insignificant virtue. It becomes a gem,
adorning a vigorous old age, and sparkling in its
crown of glory. I know of an aged man who took
care of the body as the tenement of the soul. He
kept it in subjection. The principle of conduct was,
" this soul shall conquer this body, or quit it." His
temperance was no whimsical care of diet, having
its commandments of the first and second table,
with a ponderous code of ritual observances, ex-
tending to mint, anise and cummin, to be kept
with scrupulous ostentation. It was the quiet ob-
servance of the principle, to abstain immediately
from whatever was found to be injurious. It ex-
tended to all things. It was a comprehensive virtue,
controling all the appetites and passions. It se-
cured regularity of habit, freedom from undue ex-
ertions and excitements both physical and mental,
held the passions in strict subjection, and suffered
them not to consume away the life. It enabled
him to preserve equanimity, calmness, resignation,
" To husband out life's taper at the close,
And keep the flame from wasting by repose."
Becoming a fixed habit, it guarded him almost from
the possibility of too great indulgence. It carried
him to the centennial year of life, and preserved
the body still a not unfit tabernacle for the immortal
soul to dwell in. The body was not a burdensome
encumbrance, that the soul should desire to cast it
off. The usual infirmities of age pressed lightly
upon him. Life was not a burden to himself, or
the occasion of anxiety and trouble to others. It
was still a source of enjoyment. The senses were
the inlets of pleasure. The viands of earth were
still grateful to the taste ; the cheerful light of the
sun was still pleasing to the eye ; the singing of
summer birds still delighted the ear ; the flower
was still fragrant, and the untainted breath of early
morn invigorating. He walked with secure step
over the patient earth. Sleep was sweet to him;
he reclined his head on the pillow of repose, his
spirit on the bosom of eternal truth. Thus the cur-
rent of life was flowing tranquilly, and mingling
with the ocean of eternity. Verily virtue, in the
present life, has its reward.
With health, and corporeal energy, honorable old
age must unite vigor of the intellectual faculties.
A sound mind must inhabit the sound body, and
the life of one be well mingled with the life of the
other. An unmutilated statue from one of the old
masters, is a rare specimen of antiquity. A rarer
curiosity is that living, antique piece of divine statu-
ary, the sound old man of a by-gone century. But
when the outward is the semblance of the inward
man, and " the body not only contains but repre-
sents the soul," we view it with heightened admi-
ration, and honor one whose vigorous mind im-
bodies the wisdom, and commands the experience
of accumulated years. The mind sympathizes with
the body. The spirit is weak because the flesh is
weak. Mental imbecility often attends physical
decay, and awakens the gloomy apprehension that
the spiritual nature perishes with the material. The
infirmities of age encompass the mind. As the
eye grows dim, the light of intelligence is shut out
from the windows of the soul. The sun and the
stars of the intellect are darkened, and all the daugh-
ters of music brought low. The sprightly and vivid
faculties become torpid ; the quick perception dull ;
imagination flutters in the dust ; the treacherous
memory retains nothing that was committed to its
trust. The thinking, reasoning, reflecting being has
departed, while the mere rubbish of a man remains,
the decrepit body, and the phantom of a mind.
The consciousness of a broken, expiring intellect
may still survive to inflict exquisite torment on the
soul, and cause it to prefer death rather than life.
This condition seems to be the usual, though per-
haps not the necessary penalty of long life. When,
therefore, we see the man of extreme years in the
possession of both physical and mental vigor, who
has never been made to feel the burden of helpless-
ness and dotage, we not only congratulate him, as
a rare favorite of the Divine Providence, but revere
him as one whom that Providence has rewarded
with especial honor. We ascribe this strength and
activity of mind to the constant and right action of
all its faculties. The mechanism of the intellect
has been kept in nice adjustment ; no part has been
allowed to rust by disuse, or break and wear out
by disorderly movement. Every spring has struck
at the right time, every pinion in the right place.
There has been no dragging of the wheels, no grat-
ing or straining of the parts, no jars and combats.
The vigor of the physical nature has conduced to
the vigor of the mental, the health of the body to
the health of the soul. Reason has controlled the
other faculties, stimulating the sluggish and check-
ing the impulsive. The rust of hatred, the trans-
ports of anger, the violences of revenge, the heats
and turbulences of passion, have not been allowed
to throw all things into confusion and tumult. The
intellect has worked hard and constantly, at times
with great intenseness, yet the " lubricating oil of
an habitual cheerfulness" has given an easy play to
the wheels, and kept the machine from wearing out.
The use of the mind, without its abuse, has pre-
served its integrity and lustre. Thought and reflec-
tion have been directed to proper objects. The mind
having its appropriate nutriment, all its faculties re-
tain their strength and activity.
Honorable old age thus retains a vivid sense of
the value of human life. With a keen relish of life,
it also becomes instructive to others. The aged
man enjoys that noblest of all the gifts of Providence,
a clear, unbroken intellect. That painful conscious-
ness of partial annihilation, of which we have
spoken, is unknown to him. His soul still exults
in the sublime consciousness of its divine powers,
and feels all the joyous pulsations of spiritual life.
Imagination still delights to wander in freedom
among the beautiful objects of earth ; to select, to
combine, to create. His memory, even of late
events, is unclouded, and surprises by its capacity
and accurateness. From its treasury he can bring
forth things new and old. From its stereotyped
pages, he can read you the entire record of a na-
tion's history, even those minute events for which
the antiquary may search in vain. Upon the de-
cisions of his judgment we rely, as the deductions
of sound reasoning, of unimpassioned mind, of ma-
ture thought, and long experience. His advice is
still accepted with undiminished confidence. His
words are those which fall from the lips of wisdom,
" As the beaded bubbles that sparkle on the rim of the cup
Reflection is to him a source of enjoyment and
profit. Philosophy comes to his aid, and uses the
observations of a long life, and the revelation of
eternal truth, to support declining age and mitigate
its trials. The sun of his intellect is sinking in the
far distant horizon, in full orbed strength, and
Such a man has kept pace with the intellectual
progress of the world, and is in sympathy with the
age in which he lives. The mind of the old man
too often partakes of the inflexibility of his limbs.
It is the crystallized thought and feeling of a former
age, We admire it as a beautiful relic. It is the
transparent medium through which we see the past.
We would therefore deal gently with the prejudices
of the aged ; not to do so, betrays stronger prejudice
in ourselves. Scrupulously to apply the measuring
line of the present age to one who has come down
to us from a former, is injustice. Still if the want
of intellectual vitality exhibits itself in exalting the
past at the expense of the present, in admiring the
lustre of the golden age which has expired, and re-
coiling from the rust of the iron age which is passing,
the murmurs and complaints of the old man will
hang like a millstone on the neck of his happiness.
The constant antagonism of the world chafe his
spirits. He ekes out a fretful and comfortless life.
It is not thus with the vigorous intellect of honor-
able old age. This preserves its plastic nature, and
is moulded by the age which it may no longer tend
to mould. It acknowledges progress in human
affairs, rejoices in it, and prefers the present times.
Its vitality is not exhausted, nor its happiness mar-
red by murmuring over the degeneracy of the age.
With all our love of antiquity, our aged friends who
live only in the past and admire nothing out of it,
must pardon us if we prefer the old man, who has
nothing about him, but superior wisdom and gray
hairs, to remind you of the past.
Honorable old age must also possess much of the
elasticity and freshness of human life. It must re-
tain a healthy flow of the spirits, a quick play of the
sensibilities, a keen sense of enjoyment These
constitute the vitality of the soul. Without them,
there is a deadness to the world which is not a vir-
tue. The heart must still expand with its generous
sympathies. There are few men of mature years
who have not yielded to the morbid tendencies of
our struggling life. The sensitive heart recoils from
the touch of the cold world, the torch of hope is
extinguished by its damps. A cloud of gloom en-
velopes the man of care ; disappointment blights a
generous enthusiasm, and the burdens of life crush
his spirit. He retires within himself, puts on a re-
pulsive habit of reserve, suspicion and distrust.
" Confidence is a plant of slow growth in an old
man's breast." Yet who of us has not seen some
aged man upon whose heart time had left no hard
features? His warm affections, ready sympathies,
and kindliness of manner, still attracted the love
and won the confidence of youth. His uniform
cheerfulness, playful humor, and lively interest in all
about him, made home the scene of hallowed en-
dearment. He conversed on the political news of
the day with an accuracy of knowledge and fresh-
ness of interest appropriate to the patriot and the
citizen. An equability of temper and constant flow
of spirits, rendered him at all times a pleasing com-
panion, ready to share and appreciate whatever of
amusement or interest engaged the attention of
those with whom he was conversant. Fortunate
and happy beyond the common lot of mankind
were his declining years of unimpaired vitality.
Amiable was his old age of dignity and cheerfulness,
free alike from querilous discontent and unbecom-
ing levity. That is a true and manly heart which
has come out from the trials of a long life unharmed.
" Behold, a patriarch of years, who leaneth on the staff of religion ;
His heart is fresh, quick to feel, a bursting forth of generosity ;
He, playful in his wisdom is gladdened in his children's gladness ;
*^ ^T* *o «r* *r> '^N '^V *n ^» *^
Lofty aspirations, deep affections, holy hopes are his delight.
His abhorrence is to strip from life its charitable garment of ideal.
* * ********
Passionate thirst for gain never hath burnt within his bosom,
The leaden chains of that dull lust have not bound him prisoner ;
The shrewd world laughed at him for honesty, the vain world
mouthed at him for honor,
The false world hated him for truth, the cold world despised him for
Still he kept his treasure the warm and noble heart,
And in that happy wise old man survive the child and lover.
For human life is a Chian wine, flavored unto him who drinketh it,
Delicate fragrance comforting the soul, as needful substance for the
Therefore, see thou art pure and guileless ; so shall thy realities of life
Be sweetened, and tempered, and gladdened by the wholesome spirit
That is the sublimity of human life, which unites
the wisdom and experience of venerable age, with
the intellect of manhood, and the heart of youth.
There yet remains to be noticed the most indis-
pensable quality of honorable old age, piety, or an
unwavering religious trust. It is called righteous-
ness in the text, and is the last grace of old age,
crowning gray hairs with lustre, and adorning the
soul for heaven. The wise man expressed what
is the universal sentiment of mankind. For how-
ever men may sneer at piety as betraying simplic-
ity in youth, and weakness in manhood ; however
they may despise it as a blemish and a burden-
some encumbrance to the man of business, or
graciously tolerate it in woman, they admire it as
a beauty in old age. They think it an appropriate
adorning for the man who has walked far down
into the vale of years, and stands on the borders of
eternity. Who does not regard piety as a valuable
ornament for the man bending beneath the weight
of years, leaning on a staff, encompassed with in-
firmities, or lying upon the bed of sickness and
death, soon to appear in the immediate presence
of his Omniscient Judge? To him it is indeed the
pearl of great price, more valuable than all the other
pearls which the waves of a past eternity has
dashed upon the shores of time. The robe of
righteousness is a becoming attire for the aged man,
it gives to him an outward air of composed dignity
and peace to the spirit within.
The aged man, whom piety adorns, has yielded
an intelligent assent to the truths of the gospel, and
habitually practised its precepts. Fully convinced
that these truths will bear the test of philosophical
examination, he has cordially embraced them. He
has felt their adaptation to the wants of his moral
nature ; and now, more than ever, he knows that
they satisfy a vacuity in his soul which the uni-
verse besides cannot fill. In his old age he clings
to them, as the only pillar of support to his de-
pendent spirit. The words of Jesus animate his
soul ; to him they are spirit, they are life.
The natural influence of old age is to confirm
and purify all the good principles of earlier life.
Hence the aged Christian, who has been long fa-
miliar with the fundamental principles of religious
truth, exhibits a rare specimen of a pure and philo-
sophical Christianity. The trials of a long life have
purged away the dross of his character, and left a
purified, refined piety, which sheds a peculiar lustre
over the close of life, and a cheerful light upon the
tomb. His piety is characterized by strong prin-
ciple, rather than ardent feeling. It shines with the
mild brightness of the setting sun, not with fervors
and dazzling brilliancies. Strong and silent emo-
tions, which words cannot express, do indeed stir
the deep recesses of his soul ; but his piety is as
far removed from the blaze of enthusiasm as it is
from the coldness of formality. A forgiven peni-
tent, he thinks humbly of himself, and walks softly
before God. His humble heart recoils with scrupu-
lous dread from the semblance of ostentatious piety.
The love of God is a deep, absorbing principle,
prompting holy emotions, and diffusing a calm
delight through the soul. He speaks not of raptures,
but he knows in whom he has believed. Conscious
of approaching death, and not insensible to its mys-
terious and momentous import, he prays that God
may sustain him in the trying hour. Fortified with
a devout and rejoicing trust in Christ, he awaits the
change, not dismayed by its approach, not impatient
of its delay.
" But on he moves to meet his latter end,
Angels around befriending virtue's friend ;
Sinks to the grave with unperceived decay,
While resignation gently slopes the way ;
And, all his prospects brightening to the last,
His heaven commences ere the world be past."
The steps of his declining life are successive ap-
proaches toward heaven.
A repose pervades his soul, which seems at vari-
ance, and almost inconsistent with a disciplinary
state. It may be compared with the deep blue sky,
mirrored from the unruffled surface of the peaceful
lake, or with the serenity of outward nature when
the storm has subsided, and evening twilight has
thrown its soft mantle over the quiet earth. It
reaches all the departments of the soul, operating
by a mighty, silent energy, like the unseen agen-
cies which preserve the harmony of the universe.
It rebukes the agitations of this jarring, restless
world; it calms our unlawful anxieties, our dis-
trustful fears, and turbulent passions. It silences
our impatient murmurings and fretful cares. We
learn that this stormy life of ours may enjoy a re-
pose, which is an emblem and a foretaste of the
heavenly rest. This is the peace of God that passeth
Honorable old age seems to have collected with-
in itself the virtues, and garnered up the good of
human life, while it has abandoned the vices, and
escaped many of the evils incident to our nature.
Its calm wisdom, its fruitful experience, its sub-
dued passions and chastened sensibilities, its in-
ward repose and purified piety, present human
nature in its fairest aspect, in its most honorable
robes. Childhood and youth have furnished their
bounding, joyous tributaries; manhood, its strug-
gling, turbid current; which declining years have
composed and settled, and now there is the tranquil
flowing of deep, pure waters, and "the stream of
life is nobler as it nears the sea."
A gracious Providence prolongs the life of aged
men as a blessing to mankind ; that they may
bring forth the fruit of righteousness in old age.
Their example shines with conspicuous brightness.
The lustre of their gray hairs eloquently enforces
lessons of virtue and piety, and wins honor for the
truth. Their presence inspires with courage those
who are buffeting the storms of life. For they
have fought a good fight, they have finished their
course, and wear a visible crown of glory, emblem-
atic of that crown of life which the righteous Judge
shall give them in that day. Their spirits are pu-
rified for a better world, their thoughts find a home
in the skies, their words are " redolent of sanctity
and heaven," their piety is the hallowed incense
that perfumes the temple of the Most High. They
are living epistles of the truth that godliness hath
the promise of the life that now is.
AVith devout gratitude we acknowledge the di-
vine goodness in allowing one, in the midst of us,
to fill up the full measure of an hundred years,
and still to linger among us, with vigor of intel-
lect and freshness of heart, to counsel and comfort,
to warn and entreat, to cheer and strengthen us.
The God whom the aged man has served in youth,
in manhood and declining life, will not cast him off
in time of old age, nor forsake him when strength
faileth. The promises of God to him shall not fail :
" Even to your old age I am he, even to your hoar
hairs will I carry you. Those that be planted in
the house of the Lord shall flourish in the courts of
our God. He giveth power to the faint, and to
them that have no might he increaseth strength.
Even the youths shall faint and be weary, and the
young men shall utterly fall; but they that wait
upon the Lord shall renew their strength ; they
shall mount up with wings as eagles ; they shall
run, and not be weary ; they shall walk, and not
NOTE A. Pa ? e 7.
Judge Farrar was born June 28th, 1747, Old Style. He was 100
years old on Friday, the 9th day of July last. He attended church on
the morning of the following Sabbath, when the preceding discourse
XOTE B. Page 10.
The following notice of Judge Farrar is from the Boston Daily Ad-
vertiser. " He is a native of Lincoln in this State. At the commence-
ment of the Be volution ary war he was a farmer in New Ipswich, N. H.
On the 17th of June, 17 75, on the report which went by express, that
the British were coming out of Boston to Concord, he collected a small
company and hurried to the expected scene of conflict ; but at Pepper-
ell or Groton they were met by the news that the invaders had retreat-
ed to Boston, and they returned.
" The new government of New Hampshire sent Mr. Farrar two com-
missions, one of Major in the forces to be raised in that State, and the
other of Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, urging him however, to
accept the latter, there being at that time but three lawyers west of
the Merrimac River, two of whom were tories, and the third though a
whig, was a timid man and did not dare to accept office under the new
government, apprehending that the whole affair would be put down as
a rebellion. Men could readily be found to accept military commis-
sions, and it was very important that the new government should se-
cure the confidence of the people by an orderly and stable organiza-
tion of the civil departments. — These considerations determined Mr.
Farrar to accept the office of Judge, though he had not received a le-
gal education. He immediately sent for a copy of Blackstone's Com-
mentaries, just then reprinted in this country by Isaiah Thomas of
Worcester, and read it, to use his own language, " with more avidity
than any girl ever read a novel."
" By law he derived his salary only from the fees paid by parties.
These were not sufficient to pay his board when on his circuits. He
made an arrangement at first for his landlord at Amherst, where he
held one of his courts, to take the amount of his fees for his board, but
after three terms his landlord declined to continue the arrangement.
No lawyer practised in the court during the war, the two tories hav-
ing either left the country or refusing to recognize the authority of the
court, and the whig considering it not quite safe to appear there even
under a protest. The court dealt out substantial justice between man
and man without much regard to general rules or the establishment of
a uniform and consistent system of jurisprudence. By the end of the
war Judge Farrar had made himself as good a lawyer as any who were
likely to practise in his court.
" In 1791 he was promoted to the Supreme Bench as associate Justice,
and in 1802 was appointed Chief Justice, but he declined and procured
the appointment and acceptance of Judge Smith who did so much to
elevate the Judiciary of Xew Hampshire to the high standard it has
since generally sustained.
"In 1816, at the age of G9, Judge Farrar retired from public life and
has lived upon his farm in Xew Ipswich, till within a few years, when
he went to reside with his daughter in Hollis, N. H. His descendants
are not numerous, only fifteen being now alive, all but two of whom,
with other members of the family were present on the occasion of his
centennial anniversary. Judge Farrar formerly of Exeter, N. H., now
of Boston, is a son, and Samuel Farrar, Esq. of Andover and Prof.
John Farrar of Cambridge, are his nephews. He is a remarkable in-
stance of the preservation of physical and mental vigor to so good an
old age ; no faculty having failed him except sight, and that but partial-
ly, for until about two years since he could read print of common type.
To a good constitution, kept good by temperate habits, early rising, a
practice still continued, riding on horse-back, and an equanimity as
unvarying as the climate of Italy he owes the wholeness of body and
mind that is the admiration of all who have seen him."